Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project
 (HEAR) Vertebrates
HEAR species information

HEAR home  >  species info  > vertebrates


A message from Dr. David Duffy, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (PCSU), University of Hawaii (posted 05 November 2012):

Because of a lack of funds, HEAR (www.hear.org) may close as soon as December 15, although there may be enough funds to extend it until February 15. This will mean several things. The web site will be placed on a new server although it is not clear who will pay for the server or for transitioning the site. HEAR data will not be updated. The Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/abtproj.htm) site will also become frozen, as will numerous books, reports and papers (http://www.hear.org/). As software evolves we will likely lose the ability to access the data. The various list servers will need new owners, otherwise moderated lists will cease to function altogether, while other lists will not be able to add or delete members. The photo collection (http://www.hear.org/starr/images/?o=plants) will remain accessible, but only through a third party site that will charge for access.

I should point out that we have already lost the original homes of both the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) and Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) although they have found temporary refuges. Together with HEAR, they represent the corporate memory both here in Hawaii and across the Pacific of efforts to sustain our natural ecosystems and agriculture against problems caused by species alien to the islands. HEAR also serves as the glue that holds the community together, providing information and facilitating communication. I just hope hindsight is kind to this decision.


The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) presents information about selected vertebrate species that are not native to Hawaii or are not native to other Pacific islands. (Note that some species included may be native to some parts of this region, but not to other parts.)

Common names: Some species on this page are listed on this page only with scientific names. If you have a reference for an unlisted common name, please send the information--scientific name, common name(s), and reference--to webmaster@hear.org. Note, however, that scientific names--although they do change occasionally--are the most reliable way to refer to types of organisms. You may search the ITIS database for common names to determine the scientific name of an animal. If this does not provide the information you need, you may also search the web for the name. You may also search the HEAR website by common name.

For further information, contact webmaster@hear.org.

Abudefduf abdominalis (Fishes) Hawaiian sergeant, mamo
Abudefduf sordidus (Fishes) blackspot sergeant
Acanthis flammea (Fringillidae) common redpoll
Acanthurus triostegus (Fishes) convict tang, manini
Acanthurus triostegus subsp. sandvicensis (Fishes) convict tang, manini
Accipiter soloensis (Accipitridae) gray frog-hawk
Acridotheres fuscus (Birds)
Acridotheres tristis (Birds) common myna, Indian myna, myna, mynah
Acris crepitans subsp. crepitans (Hylidae)
Acris gryllus subsp. dorsalis (Hylidae)
Acris gryllus subsp. gryllus (Hylidae)
Actitis macularius (Scolopacidae) spotted sandpiper
Aerodramus bartschi (Apodidae) Mariana swiftlet
Aerodramus vanikorensis subsp. bartschi (Apodidae)
Aethia psittacula (Alcidae) parakeet auklet
Alauda arvensis (Alaudidae) sky lark
Alectoris chukar (Birds) chuckar, chukar
Amandava amandava (Birds) red avadavat
Amazona viridigenalis (Psittacidae) red-crowned parrot
Ammospermophilus leucurus (Sciuridae)
Amphilophus citrinellum (Cichlidae) Midas cichlid
Anabas testudineus (Anabantidae)
Anas acuta (Anatidae) koloa mapu, northern pintail
Anas americana (Anatidae) American wigeon
Anas clypeata (Anatidae) northern shoveler
Anas crecca (Anatidae) green-winged teal
Anas cyanoptera (Anatidae) cinnamon teal
Anas discors (Anatidae) blue-winged teal
Anas falcata (Anatidae) falcated duck
Anas formosa (Anatidae) baikal teal
Anas laysanensis (Anatidae) Laysan duck
Anas penelope (Anatidae) Eurasian wigeon
Anas platyrhynchos (Anatidae) mallard, mallard duck
Anas querquedula (Anatidae) garganey
Anas strepera (Anatidae) gadwall
Anas wyvilliana (Anatidae) Hawaiian duck, koloa maoli
Ancistrus sp (Loricariidae)
Anguilla japonica (Anguillidae)
Anguilla rostrata (Anguillidae)
Anolis carolinensis (Reptiles-Lizards) American chameleon, anole, green anole
Anolis carolinensis subsp. porcatus (Reptiles-Lizards) American chameleon, anole
Anolis equestris (Reptiles-Lizards) knight anole
Anolis equestris subsp. equestris (Reptiles-Lizards)
Anolis sagrei (Reptiles-Lizards) brown anole
Anous minutus (Laridae) black noddy
Anous minutus subsp. melanogenys (Laridae) black noddy, ekieki, noio
Anous stolidus (Laridae) brown noddy, noio koha
Anous tenuirostris (Laridae) black noddy
Anser albifrons (Anatidae) greater white-fronted goose, white fronted goose
Anser cygnoides (Anatidae) Chinese goose
Anthus cervinus (Motacillidae) red-throated pipit
Anthus hodgsoni (Motacillidae) olive-backed pipit
Anthus rubescens (Motacillidae) American pipit
Antilocapra americana (Mammals)
Antilocapra americana subsp. americana (Mammals)
Apalone spinifera (Trionychidae) spiny soft-shelled turtle
Aplocheilus lineatus (Aplocheilidae)
Apodemus flavicollis (Muridae)
Apus pacificus (Apodidae) fork-tailed swift
Aquila chrysaetos (Accipitridae) golden eagle
Aratinga erythrogenys (Psittacidae) red-masked parakeet
Aratinga mitrata (Psittacidae) mitred parakeet
Archocentrus spilurus (Cichlidae)
Arctocephalus forsteri (Otariidae)
Arctocephalus tropicalis (Otariidae)
Ardea alba (Ardeidae) great egret
Ardea herodias (Ardeidae) great blue heron
Arius sp (Ariidae)
Arothron hispidus (Tetraodontidae) stripebelly puffer
Asio flammeus (Strigidae) short-eared owl
Asio flammeus subsp. sandwichensis (Strigidae) Hawaiian owl, pueo, pueo, short-eared owl
Astronotus ocellatus (Cichlidae)
Axis axis (Cervidae) axis deer
Aythya affinis (Anatidae) lesser scaup
Aythya americana (Anatidae) redhead
Aythya collaris (Anatidae) ring-necked duck
Aythya ferina (Anatidae) common pochard
Aythya fuligula (Anatidae) tufted duck
Aythya marila (Anatidae) greater scaup
Aythya valisineria (Anatidae) canvasback
Balaena glacialis (Balaenidae)
Balaena mysticetus (Balaenidae)
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Balaenopteridae)
Balaenoptera borealis (Balaenopteridae)
Balaenoptera edeni (Balaenopteridae)
Balaenoptera musculus (Balaenopteridae)
Balaenoptera physalus (Balaenopteridae)
Bathygobius coalitus (Fishes) frill-goby, oopu ohune
Bathygobius fuscus (Fishes)
Berardius bairdii (Ziphiidae)
Betta brederi (Osphronemidae)
Bettongia lesueur (Potoroidae)
Bidyanus bidyanus (Percoidei)
Bison bison (Bovidae)
Boa constrictor (Boidae) boa constrictor
Boa constrictor subsp. imperator (Boidae)
Boa sp. (Boidae)
Boiga irregularis (Reptiles-Snakes) brown tree snake
Bos taurus (Bovidae) cow
Branta bernicla (Anserinae) brant
Branta canadensis (Anserinae) Canada goose
Branta hutchinsii (Anserinae) cackling goose
Branta sandvicensis (Anserinae) Hawaiian goose, nene, nene
Bubalus bubalis (Bovidae)
Bubulcus ibis (Ardeidae) cattle egret
Bucephala albeola (Anatidae) bufflehead
Bucephala clangula (Anatidae) common goldeneye
Bucephala islandica (Anatidae) barrow goldeneye
Bufo fowleri (Bufonidae)
Bufo marinus (Bufonidae) cane toad
Bufo quercicus (Bufonidae)
Bufo terrestris (Bufonidae)
Bufo woodhousei subsp. fowleri (Bufonidae)
Buteo lagopus (Accipitridae) rough-legged hawk
Buteo solitarius (Accipitridae) 'io, Hawaiian hawk
Butorides virescens (Ardeidae) green heron
Calidris acuminata (Scolopacidae) sharp-tailed sandpiper
Calidris alba (Scolopacidae) hunakai, sanderling
Calidris alpina (Scolopacidae) dunlin
Calidris bairdii (Scolopacidae) baird sandpiper
Calidris canutus (Scolopacidae) red knot
Calidris ferruginea (Scolopacidae) curlew sandpiper
Calidris fuscicollis (Scolopacidae) white-rumped sandpiper
Calidris himantopus (Scolopacidae) stilt sandpiper
Calidris mauri (Scolopacidae) western sandpiper
Calidris melanotos (Scolopacidae) pectoral sandpiper
Calidris minuta (Scolopacidae) little stint
Calidris minutilla (Scolopacidae) least sandpiper
Calidris pusilla (Scolopacidae) semipalmated sandpiper
Calidris ruficollis (Scolopacidae) red-necked stint
Calidris subminuta (Scolopacidae) long-toed stint
Callipepla californica (Birds) California quail
Callipepla gambelii (Birds) Gambel quail, gambel quail
Calonectris leucomelas (Procellariidae) streaked shearwater
Camelus dromedarius (Camelidae)
Canis familiaris (Canidae)
Canis familiaris subsp. familiaris (Canidae)
Canis lupus (Canidae) gray wolf, grey wolf
Canthigaster coronata ((Canthigaster family))
Caperea marginata (Neobalaenidae)
Capra hircus (Bovidae) goat
Capra hircus subsp. hircus (Bovidae)
Caranx ignobilis (Carangidae)
Carcharhinus melanopterus (Carcharhinidae)
Cardinalis cardinalis (Cardinalidae) northern cardinal
Caretta caretta (Cheloniidae) loggerhead sea turtle
Carpodacus mexicanus (Fringillidae) house finch
Castor canadensis (Castoridae) beaver, North American beaver
Cavia porcellus (Caviidae)
Cervus elaphus (Cervidae) red deer
Cervus timorensis (Cervidae)
Cervus timorensis subsp. russa (Cervidae)
Cettia diphone (Birds) japanese bush-warbler
Chaetodon fremblii (Chaetodonidae) bluestripe butterflyfish, kikakapu kapuhili
Chaetodon miliaris (Chaetodonidae) milletseed butterflyfish
Chaetoptila angustipluma (Mohoidae) kioea, kioea
Chalinolobus tuberculatus (Vespertilionidae)
Chamaeleo calyptratus (Reptiles-Lizards) veiled chameleon
Chamaeleo jacksonii (Reptiles-Lizards) Jackson's chameleon
Chamaeleo jacksonii subsp. xantholophus (Reptiles-Lizards)
Channa striata (Channidae)
Charadrius hiaticula (Charadriidae) common ringed plover
Charadrius mongolus (Charadriidae) lesser sand-plover
Charadrius morinellus (Charadriidae) Eurasian dotterel
Charadrius semipalmatus (Charadriidae) semipalmated plover
Charadrius vociferus (Charadriidae) killdeer
Chasiempis sandwichensis (Dicruridae) 'elepaio, 'elepaio
Chasiempis sandwichensis subsp. ibidis (Dicruridae) Oahu elepaio
Chasiempis sandwichensis subsp. sandwichensis (Dicruridae) Hawaii elepaio
Chasiempis sandwichensis subsp. sclateri (Dicruridae) Kauai elepaio
Chelonia myda (Reptiles-Turtles)
Chelonia mydas (Reptiles-Turtles) green sea turtle
Chelonia mydas subsp. agassizii (Reptiles-Turtles)
Chen caerulescens (Anatidae) snow goose
Chen canagica (Anatidae) emperor goose
Cherax quadricarinatus (Parastacidae)
Cherax tenuimanus (Parastacidae)
Chlidonias niger (Laridae) black tern
Chloridops kona (Fringillidae) kona grosbeak
Chordeiles minor (Caprimulgidae) common nighthawk
Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Laridae) Bonaparte gull
Chroicocephalus ridibundus (Laridae) black-headed gull
Cichla ocellaris (Cichlidae)
Cichlasoma managuense (Cichlidae)
Cichlasoma meeki (Cichlidae)
Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum (Cichlidae)
Cichlasoma spilurum (Cichlidae)
Circus cyaneus (Accipitridae) northern harrier
Ciridops anna (Fringillidae) 'ula-'ai-hawane, 'ula-'ai-hawane
Clangula hyemalis (Anatidae) long-tailed duck
Clarias batrachus (Clariidae)
Clarias fuscus (Clariidae)
Clarias macrocephalus (Clariidae)
Coccyzus americanus (Cuculidae) yellow-billed cuckoo
Collocalia bartschi (Birds)
Colossoma bidens (Characidae)
Colossoma macropomum (Characidae)
Coluber sp. (Colubridae)
Columba livia (Birds) rock dove, rock pigeon
Copsychus malabaricus (Birds) white-rumped shama
Corallus hortulanus (Boidae) Amazon tree boa, common tree boa
Corvus hawaiiensis (Corvidae) alala, alala, Hawaiian crow
Corvus kubaryi (Corvidae)
Corvus moneduloides (Corvidae)
Corydoras aeneus (Callichthyidae)
Coturnix japonica (Phasianidae) japanese quail
Cricetomys gambianus (Nesomyidae) Gambian rat
Cryptoblepharus poecilopleurus (Scincidae) mottled snake-eyed skink
Ctenopharyngodon idella (a type of carp)
Cuculus canorus/optatus (Cuculidae) common/oriental cuckoo
Cyanotrica necyria (Notoryctidae)
Cygnus columbianus (Anatidae) tundra swan
Cyprinus carpio (Cyprinidae)
Dasypus novemcinctus (Dasypodidae)
Dasyurus hallucatus (Dasyuridae)
Dasyurus maculatus (Dasyuridae)
Delphinapterus leucas (Monodontidae)
Delphinus capensis (Delphinidae)
Delphinus delphis (Delphinidae)
Dendrobates auratus (Dendrobatidae) green and black dart-poison frog, poison dart frog
Dendrolagus matschiei (Macropodidae)
Dermochelys coriacea (Dermochelyidae) leatherback sea turtle
Dermochelys coriacea subsp. schlegelii (Dermochelyidae)
Diadophis punctata ((snakes))
Dicrostonyx groenlandicus (Cricetidae)
Didelphis marsupialis (Didelphidae)
Didelphis virginiana (Didelphidae)
Diomedea albatrus (Diomedeidae)
Diomedea immutabilis (Diomedeidae)
Dipodomys merriami (Heteromyidae)
Drepanis funerea (Fringillidae) black mamo
Drepanis pacifica (Fringillidae) Hawaii mamo
Ducula pacifica (Columbidae)
Dysmorodrepanis munroi (Fringillidae) Lanai hookbill
Echymipera kalubu (Peramelidae)
Egretta caerulea (Ardeidae) little blue heron
Egretta thula (Ardeidae) snowy egret
Elaphe obsoleta ((snakes)) black rat snake
Elaphe sp. ((snakes))
Eleutherodactylus coqui (Amphibians-Frogs) coqui, coqui (frog)
Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Amphibians-Frogs) greenhouse frog
Eleutherodactylus spp. (Amphibians-Frogs) Caribbean frogs
Elgaria multicarinata (Anguidae) alligator lizard, southern alligator lizard
Emoia cyanura (Scincidae) brown-tailed copper-striped skink
Emoia impar (Scincidae) azure-tailed skink
Epinephelus lanceolatus (Serranidae)
Equus africanus subsp. asinus (Equidae)
Equus asinus (Equidae)
Equus asinus subsp. asinus (Equidae)
Equus asinus x Equus caballus (Equidae)
Equus caballus (Equidae)
Equus caballus subsp. caballus (Equidae)
Eretmochelys imbricata (Cheloniidae) hawksbill sea turtle, hawksbill turtle
Eretmochelys imbricata subsp. bissa (Cheloniidae)
Eschrichtius robustus (Eschrichtiidae)
Estrilda astrild (Birds) common waxbill
Estrilda caerulescens (Birds) lavender waxbill
Estrilda melpoda (Birds) orange-cheeked waxbill
Estrilda troglodytes (Birds) black-rumped waxbill
Eubalaena australis (Balaenidae)
Eubalaena glacialis (Balaenidae)
Eubalaena japonica (Balaenidae)
Falco columbarius (Falconidae) merlin
Falco peregrinus (Falconidae) peregrine falcon
Felis catus (Felidae) cat, domestic cat, feral cat
Felis silvestris (Felidae) cat
Feresa attenuata (Delphinidae)
Francolinus erckelii (Birds) erckel francolin
Francolinus erckelli (Birds) Erckel's francolin
Francolinus francolinus (Birds) black francolin
Francolinus pondicerianus (Birds) gray francolin
Fratercula corniculata (Alcidae) horned puffin
Fregata ariel (Fregatidae) lesser frigatebird
Fregata minor (Fregatidae) great frigatebird, iwa
Fulica alai (Rallidae) 'alae ke'oke'o, Hawaiian coot
Fulica americana subsp. alai (Rallidae)
Fulmarus glacialis (Procellariidae) northern fulmar
Fundulus grandis (Fundulidae)
Gallinago delicata (Scolopacidae) Wilson snipe, Wilson's snipe
Gallinago gallinago (Scolopacidae) common snipe
Gallinago stenura (Scolopacidae) pin-tailed snipe
Gallinula chloropus (Rallidae) common moorhen
Gallinula chloropus subsp. guami (Rallidae)
Gallinula chloropus subsp. sandvicensis (Rallidae) 'alae 'ula, Hawaiian moorhen
Gallirallus owstoni (Rallidae) Guam rail
Gallus gallus (Phasianidae) chicken, moa, red junglefowl
Gambusia affinis (Poeciliidae)
Garrulax caerulatus (Birds) gray-sided laughingthrush
Garrulax caerulescens (Birds)
Garrulax canorus (Birds) hwamei, melodious laughingthrush
Garrulax pectoralis (Birds) greater necklaced laughingthrush
Gavia pacifica (Gaviidae) Pacific loon
Gazella spekei (Bovidae)
Gehyra mutilata (Gekkonidae) four-clawed gecko
Gekko gecko (Gekkonidae) Tokay gecko
Gelochelidon nilotica (Laridae) gull-billed tern
Geopelia striata (Birds) barred dove, blue-faced dove, zebra dove
Globicephala macrorhynchus (Delphinidae)
Globicephala macrorhyncus (Delphinidae) pilot whale, short-finned pilot whale
Globicephala melaena (Delphinidae) long-finned pilot whale, pilot whale
Grammonus nagaredai (Bythitidae)
Grampus griseus (Delphinidae)
Grus canadensis (Gruidae) sandhill crane
Gygis alba (Laridae) manu o ku, white tern
Haliaeetus albicilla (Accipitridae) white-tailed eagle
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Accipitridae) Steller sea-eagle
Hemichromis elongatus (Cichlidae)
Hemidactylus frenatus (Gekkonidae) house gecko
Hemidactylus garnotii (Gekkonidae) Indo-Pacific gecko
Hemignathus ellisianus (Drepanididae) greater 'akialoa
Hemignathus flavus (Drepanididae) Oahu 'amakihi
Hemignathus kauaiensis (Drepanididae) Kauai 'amakihi, Kauai 'amakihi
Hemignathus lucidus (Drepanididae) nukupuu
Hemignathus lucidus subsp. affinis (Drepanididae)
Hemignathus lucidus subsp. hanapepe (Drepanididae)
Hemignathus munroi (Drepanididae) 'akiapola'au, 'akiapola'au
Hemignathus obscurus (Drepanididae) lesser 'akialoa
Hemignathus parvus (Drepanididae)
Hemignathus procerus (Drepanididae)
Hemignathus sagittirostris (Drepanididae) greater 'amakihi
Hemignathus virens (Drepanididae) Hawaii 'amakihi
Hemignathus virens subsp. wilsoni (Drepanididae) Maui amakihi
Hemiphyllodactylus typus (Gekkonidae) tree gecko
Herpestes auropunctatus (Herpestidae) mongoose
Herpestes javanicus (Herpestidae) mongoose
Himantopus himantopus (Recurvirostridae) black-winged stilt
Himantopus mexicanus (Recurvirostridae) black-necked stilt
Himantopus mexicanus subsp. knudseni (Recurvirostridae) aeo, Hawaiian stilt
Himatione sanguinea (Drepanididae) 'apapane, 'apapane, apapane
Hippocampus spp. (Syngnathidae)
Hirundo rustica (Hirundidae) barn swallow
Histrionicus histrionicus (Anatidae) harlequin duck
Hydromys chrysogaster (Muridae)
Hydroprogne caspia (Laridae) Caspian tern
Hydrurga leptonyx (Phocidae)
Hyla cinerea (Hylidae)
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix (Cyprinidae)
Hypostomus spp (Loricariidae)
Hypostomus spp. (Loricariidae)
Hypseleotris klunzingeri (Eleotridae)
Ictalurus nebulosus (Ictaluridae)
Ictalurus punctatus (Ictaluridae)
Iguana iguana (Iguanidae) green iguana
Inia geoffrensis (Iniidae)
Isoodon auratus (Peramelidae)
Istiblennius zebra (Fishes)
Josia fluonia (Notoryctidae)
Josia ligata (Notoryctidae)
Kogia breviceps (Physeteridae)
Kogia simus (Physeteridae)
Kyphosus pacificus (Kyphosidae) gray chub, nenue
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Delphinidae)
Lagorchestes conspicillatus (Macropodidae)
Lagorchestes hirsutus (Macropodidae)
Lampropeltis getula (Colubridae)
Lampropeltis getula subsp. californiae (Colubridae) California kingsnake
Lampropeltis sp. (Colubridae)
Lampropholis delicata (Scincidae) metallic skink
Larus argentatus (Laridae) herring gull
Larus californicus (Laridae) California gull
Larus canus (Laridae) mew gull
Larus delawarensis (Laridae) ring-billed gull
Larus glaucescens (Laridae) glaucous-winged gull
Larus hyperboreus (Laridae) glaucous gull
Larus occidentalis (Laridae) western gull
Larus pipixcan (Laridae) Franklin's gull
Larus schistisagus (Laridae) slaty-backed gull
Lates calcarifer (Centropomidae)
Leggadina lakedownensis (Muridae)
Leiopotherapon unicolor (Terapontidae)
Leiothrix lutea (Birds) red-billed leiothrix, yellow-billed leothrix
Lepidochelys olivacea (Cheloniidae) olive ridley, olive ridley sea turtle
Lepidodactylus lugubris (Gekkonidae) mourning gecko
Lepomis gibbosus (Percoidei) pumkinseed
Lepomis macrochirus (Percoidei)
Leporillus conditor (Muridae)
Leporinus fasciatus (Anostomidae)
Leptonychotes weddelli (Phocidae)
Lepus nigricollis (Leporidae)
Leucophaeus atricilla (Laridae) laughing gull
Leucophaeus pipixcan (Laridae) Franklin gull
Limia vittata (Poeciliidae)
Limnodromus griseus (Scolopacidae) short-billed dowitcher
Limnodromus scolopaceus (Scolopacidae) long-billed dowitcher
Limosa fedoa (Scolopacidae) marbled godwit
Limosa haemastica (Scolopacidae) Hudsonian godwit
Limosa lapponica (Scolopacidae) bar-tailed godwit
Limosa limosa (Scolopacidae) black-tailed godwit
Lipinia noctua (Scincidae) moth skink
Lipinia noctua subsp. noctua (Scincidae)
Litoria aurea (Hylidae)
Litoria fallax (Hylidae)
Lobodon carcinophagus (Phocidae)
Lonchura atricapilla (Estrildidae) chestnut munia
Lonchura cantans (Estrildidae) African silverbill
Lonchura malabarica (Estrildidae) warbling silverbill
Lonchura punctulata (Estrildidae) nutmeg mannikin
Lophodytes cucullatus (Anatidae) hooded merganser
Lophura leucomelanos (Phasianidae) kalij pheasant
Loxioides bailleui (Fringillidae) palila, palila
Loxops caeruleirostris (Fringillidae) 'akeke'e, 'akeke'e
Loxops coccineus (Fringillidae) 'akepa, 'akepa, Hawaii 'akepa
Loxops coccineus subsp. coccineus (Fringillidae) 'akakane
Loxops coccineus subsp. ochraceus (Fringillidae)
Lutjanus kasmira (Fishes) bluestripe snapper
Lynx rufus (Felidae)
Macaca fascicularis (Cercopithecidae)
Macquaria colonorum (Percichthyidae)
Macquaria novemaculeata (Percichthyidae)
Macropus eugenii (Macropodidae)
Macropus robustus (Macropodidae)
Magumma parva (Fringillidae) 'anianiau, 'anianiau
Mastomys natalensis (Muridae)
Megaceryle alcyon (Alcedinidae) belted kingfisher
Megapodius laperouse (Megapodiidae) Micronesian megapode
Megaptera novaeangliae (Balaenopteridae)
Melamprosops phaeosoma (Fringillidae) po'o-uli, po'o-uli
Melanitta nigra (Anatidae) black scoter
Melanitta perspicillata (Anatidae) surf scoter
Melanochromis johanni (Cichlidae)
Melanoides arthurii (Thiaridae)
Melanoides brenchleyi (Thiaridae)
Melanoides costata (Thiaridae)
Melanoides funiculus (Thiaridae)
Melanoides laxa (Thiaridae)
Melanoides luctuosa (Thiaridae)
Melanoides lutosa (Thiaridae)
Melanoides pallens (Thiaridae)
Melanoides peregrina (Thiaridae)
Melanoides persulcata (Thiaridae)
Melanoides plicaria (Thiaridae)
Melanoides punctata (Thiaridae)
Melanoides tuberculata (Thiaridae)
Melanoides waigiensis (Thiaridae)
Meleagris gallopavo (Birds) wild turkey
Melichthys niger (Balistidae) black durgon, black triggerfish, humuhumu eleele
Mergus merganser (Anatidae) common merganser
Mergus serrator (Anatidae) red-breasted merganser
Mesoplodon densirostris (Ziphiidae)
Mesopristes argentus (Percoidei)
Micropterus dolomieui (Centrarchidae)
Micropterus salmoides (Centrarchidae)
Microtus oeconomus (Cricetidae)
Milvus migrans (Accipitridae) black kite
Mimus polyglottos (Mimidae) Northern mockingbird, northern mockingbird
Mirounga angustirostris (Phocidae)
Mirounga leonina (Phocidae)
Misgurnus anguillicaudatus (Cobitidae)
Moho apicalis (Meliphagidae) Oahu 'o'o
Moho bishopi (Meliphagidae) Bishop 'o'o
Moho braccatus (Meliphagidae) Kauai 'o'o
Moho nobilis (Meliphagidae) Hawaii 'o'o
Monachus schauinslandi (Phocidae) Hawaiian monk seal, 'ilio holo i ka uaua
Monarcha takatsukasae (Monarchidae) Tinian monarch
Monodon monoceros (Monodontidae)
Monopterus albus (Synbranchidae)
Morone saxatilis (Moronidae)
Mugil cephalus (Mugilidae) 'ama'ama, striped mullet
Mugilgobius cavifrons (Gobiidae)
Mulloidichthys vanicolensis (Mullidae) weke ula, yellowfin goatfish
Mus domesticus (Muridae)
Mustela erminea (Mustelidae)
Mustela itatsi (Mustelidae)
Mustela vison (Mustelidae) American mink
Myadestes lanaiensis (Turdidae) oloma'o, oloma'o
Myadestes lanaiensis subsp. rutha (Turdidae)
Myadestes myadestinus (Turdidae) kama'o, kama'o
Myadestes obscurus (Turdidae) oma'o, oma'o
Myadestes palmeri (Turdidae) puaiohi, puaiohi, small Kauai thrush
Myadestes woahensis (Turdidae) 'amaui, 'amaui
Myiagra freycineti (Monarchidae) Guam flycatcher
Myotis austroriparius (Vespertilionidae)
Mystacina robusta (Mystacinidae)
Mystacina tuberculata (Mystacinidae)
Neogobius melanostomus (Gobiidae) round goby
Neomyxus leuciscus (Mugilidae) sharpnose mullet, uouoa
Neotoma anthonyi (Cricetidae)
Neotoma bunkeri (Cricetidae)
Neotoma floridana (Cricetidae)
Nerodia rhombifera ((snakes))
Nesochen sandvicensis (Anatidae)
Ninia sebae ((snakes))
Nothobranchius guentheri (Aplocheilidae)
Numenius madagascariensis (Scolopacidae) far eastern curlew
Numenius phaeopus (Scolopacidae) whimbrel
Numenius tahitiensis (Scolopacidae) bristle-thighed curlew
Numida meleagris (Numididae) helmeted guineafowl
Nyctereutes procyonoides (Canidae) raccoon dog
Nycticorax nycticorax (Ardeidae) aukuu, black-crowned night heron, black-crowned night-heron
Nycticorax nycticorax subsp. hoactli (Ardeidae)
Nymphicus hollandicus (Psittacidae) cockatiel
Oceanites oceanicus (Hydrobatidae) Wilson storm-petrel
Oceanodroma castro (Hydrobatidae) 'ak3 'ake, band-rumped storm-petrel
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Hydrobatidae) leach storm-petrel
Oceanodroma tristrami (Hydrobatidae) tristram storm-petrel
Odocoileus hemionus (Mammals)
Odocoileus hemionus subsp. columbianus (Mammals)
Ommatophoca rossi (Phocidae)
Omobranchus ferox (Blenniidae)
Oncorhynchus mykiss (Salmoninae)
Oncorhynchus tshawytscha (Salmoninae)
Ondatra zibethicus (Cricetidae) muskrat
Onychoprion fuscatus (Laridae) sooty tern
Onychoprion lunatus (Laridae) gray-backed tern
Orcinus orca (Delphinidae)
Oreamnos americanus (Bovidae)
Oreochromis macrochir (Cichlidae)
Oreochromis mossambicus (Cichlidae)
Oreochromis niloticus (Cichlidae)
Oreomystis bairdi (Drepanididae) 'akikiki, 'akikiki, Kauai creeper
Oreomystis mana (Drepanididae) Hawaii creeper
Oryctolagus cuniculus (Leporidae)
Oryctolagus cuniculus subsp. cuniculus (Leporidae) European rabbit
Oryzias latipes (Adrianichthyidae)
Osphronemus goramy (Osphronemidae)
Osteoglossum sp (Osteoglossidae)
Osteopilus septentrionalis (Hylidae) Cuban tree frog
Ovis aries (Bovidae)
Ovis canadensis (Bovidae)
Ovis musimon (Bovidae)
Ovis musimon x Ovis aries (Bovidae)
Oxyura jamaicensis (Anatidae) ruddy duck
Padda oryzivora (Birds) Java sparrow
Palea steindachneri (Emydidae) wattle-necked softshell turtle
Palmeria dolei (Fringillidae) 'akohekohe, 'akohekohe, crested honeycreeper
Pandion haliaetus (Accipitridae) osprey
Pangasius sutchi (Pangasiidae)
Paroaria capitata (Birds) yellow-billed cardinal
Paroaria coronata (Birds) Brazilian cardinal, red-crested cardinal
Paroreomyza flammea (Drepanididae) kakawahie, kakawahie
Paroreomyza maculata (Drepanididae) Oahu 'alauahio
Paroreomyza montana (Drepanididae) Maui 'alauahio, Maui creeper
Paroreomyza montana subsp. newtoni (Drepanididae) Maui alauahio, Maui creeper
Parus varius (Paridae) varied tit
Passer domesticus (Birds) house sparrow
Passer montanus (Birds)
Passerculus sandwichensis (Emberizidae) savannah sparrow
Pavo cristatus (Phasianidae) common peafowl, peafowl
Pelamis platurus (Reptiles-Snakes) pelagic sea snake
Pelodiscus sinensis (Emydidae) Chinese softshell turtle
Pelvicachromis pulcher (Cichlidae)
Pentalagus furnessi (Leporidae)
Peponocephala electra (Delphinidae)
Peromyscus maniculatus (Cricetidae)
Peromyscus sp. (Cricetidae)
Petaurus breviceps (Petauridae) sugar glider
Petrochelidon pyrrhonota (Hirundidae) cliff swallow
Petrogale concinna (Macropodidae)
Petrogale lateralis (Macropodidae)
Petrogale penicillata (Macropodidae)
Petrogale rothschildi (Macropodidae)
Phaethon aethereus (Phaethontidae) red-billed tropicbird
Phaethon lepturus (Phaethontidae) koae kea, white-tailed tropicbird
Phaethon rubricauda (Phaethontidae) koae'a 'ula, red-tailed tropicbird
Phaethon rubricauda subsp. rothschildi (Phaethontidae)
Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Phalacrocoracidae) pelagic cormorant
Phalanger orientalis (Phalangeridae)
Phalaropus fulicarius (Scolopacidae) red phalarope
Phalaropus lobatus (Scolopacidae) red-necked phalarope
Phalaropus tricolor (Scolopacidae) Wilson phalarope
Phasianus colchicus (Birds) ring-necked pheasant
Phasianus colchicus subsp. torquatus (Birds)
Phasianus colchicus subsp. versicolor (Birds)
Phelsuma cepediana (Gekkonidae) blue-tailed day gecko
Phelsuma guimbeaui (Gekkonidae) orange-spotted day gecko
Phelsuma guimbeaui subsp. guimbeaui (Gekkonidae)
Phelsuma laticauda (Gekkonidae) gold-dust day gecko
Phelsuma laticauda subsp. laticauda (Gekkonidae)
Phelsuma madagascariensis (Gekkonidae) Madagascar day gecko
Philomachus pugnax (Scolopacidae) ruff
Phocarctos hookeri (Otariidae)
Phocoena phocoena (Phocoenidae)
Phocoenoides dalli (Phocoenidae)
Phoebastria albatrus (Diomedeidae) golden gooney, short-tailed albatross, Steller's albatross
Phoebastria immutabilis (Diomedeidae) Laysan albatross, moli
Phoebastria nigripes (Diomedeidae) Black-footed albatross, black-footed albatross
Phoxinus phoxinus (Cyprinidae) minnow
Phyllopteryx taeniolatus (Syngnathidae)
Physeter macrocephalus (Physeteridae)
Pipistrellus javanicus subsp. abramus (Vespertilionidae)
Pituophis sp. ((snakes))
Platycercus adscitus (Psittacidae) pale-headed rosella
Plectrophenax nivalis (Emberizidae) snow bunting
Plectroplites ambiguus (Percichthyidae)
Plegadis chihi (Threskiornithidae) white-faced ibis
Pluvialis dominica (Charadriidae) Pacific golden plover
Pluvialis fulva (Charadriidae) kolea, Pacific golden plover, Pacific golden-plover
Pluvialis squatarola (Charadriidae) black-bellied plover
Podiceps auritus (Podicipedidae) horned grebe
Podiceps grisegena (Podicipedidae) red-necked grebe
Podiceps nigricollis (Podicipedidae) eared grebe
Podilymbus podiceps (Podicipedidae) pied-billed grebe
Podomys floridanus (Cricetidae)
Poecilia latipinna (Poeciliidae)
Poecilia mexicana (Poeciliidae)
Poecilia reticulata (Poeciliidae)
Poecilia sphenops (Poeciliidae)
Pontoporia blainvillei (Iniidae)
Porzana carolina (Rallidae) sora
Porzana palmeri (Rallidae) Laysan rail
Porzana sandwichensis (Rallidae) Hawaiian rail
Potamalosa richmondia (Clupeidae)
Procelsterna cerulea (Laridae) blue-gray noddy
Procelsterna cerulean (Laridae)
Procyon lotor (Procyonidae)
Pseudobulwaria rostrata (Procellariidae) tahiti petrel
Pseudobulweria macgillivrayi (Procellariidae) Fiji petrel
Pseudomys fieldi (Muridae)
Pseudomys hermannsburgensis (Muridae)
Pseudomys nanus (Muridae)
Pseudonestor xanthophrys (Drepanididae) kiwikiu, Maui parrotbill
Pseudorasbora parva (Cyprinidae) topmouth gudgeon
Pseudorca crassidens (Delphinidae)
Psittacula krameri ((parrot/parakeet)) rose-ringed parakeet
Psittirostra psittacea (Fringillidae) 'o'u, 'o'u
Pterocles exustus (Birds) chestnut-bellied sandgrouse
Pterodroma arminjoniana (Procellariidae) herald petrel
Pterodroma axillaris (Procellariidae) Chatham petrel
Pterodroma cervicalis (Procellariidae) white-necked petrel
Pterodroma cookii (Procellariidae) Cook petrel
Pterodroma externa (Procellariidae) juan fernandez petrel
Pterodroma hypoleuca (Procellariidae) Bonin petrel, ou
Pterodroma hypoleuca subsp. axillaris (Procellariidae) Chatham petrel
Pterodroma inexpectata (Procellariidae) mottled petrel
Pterodroma longirostris (Procellariidae) Stejneger petrel
Pterodroma macgillivrayi (Procellariidae) Fiji petrel
Pterodroma neglecta (Procellariidae) kermadec petrel
Pterodroma nigripennis (Procellariidae) black-winged petrel
Pterodroma phaeopygia (Procellariidae) Galapagos petrel
Pterodroma phaeopygia subsp. sandwichensis (Procellariidae) Hawaiian petrel
Pterodroma pycrofti (Procellariidae) Pycroft petrel
Pterodroma sandwichensis (Procellariidae) dark-rumped petrel, Hawaiian petrel
Pterodroma ultima (Procellariidae) murphy petrel
Pterois volitans (Scorpaenidae)
Pterophyllum sp (Cichlidae)
Pteropus scapulatus (Pteropodidae)
Pteropus tokudae (Pteropodidae)
Pterygoplichthys multiradiatus (Loricariidae)
Puffinus auricularis ((bird))
Puffinus auricularis subsp. newelli ((bird)) Newell shearwater, Newell's shearwater
Puffinus bulleri ((bird)) buller shearwater
Puffinus carneipes ((bird)) flesh-footed shearwater
Puffinus creatopus ((bird)) pink-footed shearwater
Puffinus griseus ((bird)) sooty shearwater
Puffinus nativitatis ((bird)) Christmas shearwater
Puffinus newelli ((bird)) Hawaiian shearwater, Newell's shearwater
Puffinus pacificus ((bird)) uau kani, wedge-tailed shearwater
Puffinus tenuirostris ((bird)) short-tailed shearwater
Puntius filamentosus (Cyprinidae)
Puntius gonionotus (Cyprinidae)
Puntius sealei (Cyprinidae)
Puntius semifasciolatus (Cyprinidae)
Pycnonotus cafer (Birds) red-vented bulbul
Pycnonotus jocosus (Birds) red-whiskered bulbul
Pygocentrus nattereri (Characidae)
Python reticulatus ((snakes)) reticulated python
Python sp. ((snakes))
Rallus owstoni (Rallidae)
Ramphotyphlops braminus (a type of snake) blind snake
Rana catesbeiana (Amphibians-Frogs) American bullfrog
Rana catesbiana (Amphibians-Frogs)
Rana rugosa (Amphibians-Frogs) wrinkled frog
Rangifer tarandus (Cervidae)
Rattus exulans (Muridae) Polynesian rat
Rattus exulans subsp. hawaiiensis (Muridae) Polynesian rat
Rattus fuscipes (Muridae) bush rat
Rattus norvegicus (Muridae) brown rat, Norway rat
Rattus norvegicus subsp. norvegicus (Muridae) Norway rat
Rattus rattus (Muridae)
Rattus rattus subsp. rattus (Muridae) roof rat
Recurvirostra americana (Recurvirostridae) American avocet
Retropinna semoni (Retropinnidae)
Rhinecanthus rectangulus (Balistidae)
Rhinogobius brunneus (Gobiidae)
Rhodacanthis flaviceps (Fringillidae) lesser koa-finch
Rhodacanthis palmeri (Fringillidae) greater koa-finch
Rissa tridactyla (Laridae) black-legged kittiwake
Salmo salar (Salmonidae) Atlantic salmon
Salmo trutta (Salmonidae) brown trout
Salvelinus fontinalis (Salmonidae)
Sander lucioperca (Percidae) pikeperch
Sarotherodon melanotheron (Cichlidae)
Sarotherodon occidentalis (Cichlidae)
Schizothorax richardsonii (Cyprinidae)
Sciurus carolinensis (Sciuridae)
Scorpaenopsis diabolus (Scorpaenidae)
Serinus canaria (Birds) common canary
Serinus mozambicus (Birds) yellow-fronted canary
Sicalis flaveola (Birds) saffron finch
Sorex ornatus (Soricidae)
Spermophilus beecheyi (Sciuridae)
Spermophilus franklinii (Sciuridae)
Spermophilus parryii (Sciuridae)
Spilocuscus kraemeri (Phalangeridae)
Spilocuscus maculatus (Phalangeridae)
Stenella attenuata (Delphinidae)
Stenella coeruleoalba (Delphinidae)
Stenella frontalis (Delphinidae)
Stenella longirostris (Delphinidae)
Steno bredanensis (Delphinidae)
Stercorarius longicaudus (Stercoraraiidae) long-tailed jaeger
Stercorarius maccormicki (Stercoraraiidae) south polar skua
Stercorarius parasiticus (Stercoraraiidae) parasitic jaeger
Stercorarius pomarinus (Stercoraraiidae) pomarine jaeger
Sterna fuscata ((bird)) ewa ewa, sooty tern
Sterna hirundo ((bird)) common tern
Sterna lunata ((bird)) gray-backed Tern, pakalakala
Sterna paradisaea ((bird)) arctic tern
Sternula albifrons (Laridae) little tern
Sternula antillarum (Laridae) least tern
Streptopelia chinensis (Columbidae) lace-neck dove, lace-necked dove, spotted dove
Streptopelia risoria (Columbidae) ringneck dove
Sturnella neglecta (Birds) western meadowlark
Sula dactylatra (Sulidae) blue-faced booby, masked booby
Sula granti (Sulidae) Nazca booby, nazca booby
Sula leucogaster (Sulidae) brown booby
Sula sula (Sulidae) red-footed booby
Sula sula subsp. rubripes (Sulidae) 'a, red-footed booby
Suncus murinus (Soricidae)
Sus scrofa (Suidae) pig
Sus scrofa subsp. scrofa (Suidae)
Synodontis sp (Mochokidae)
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Alcidae) ancient murrelet
Tadarida brasiliensis subsp. mexicana (Molossidae)
Tandanus tandanus (Plotosidae)
Tarebia granifera (Thiaridae)
Telespiza cantans (Fringillidae) Laysan Finch, Laysan finch
Telespiza ultima (Fringillidae) Nihoa finch
Telespyza cantans (Fringillidae)
Telespyza ultima (Fringillidae)
Thalassarche cauta (Diomedeidae) shy albatross
Thalassoma duperrey (Labridae) hinalea lauwili, saddle wrasse
Thallasseus bergii (Laridae) great crested tern
Thallasseus sandvicensis (Laridae) sandwich tern
Thamnophis couchii ((snakes)) Sierra gartersnake
Thamnophis elegans ((snakes)) mountain gartersnake
Thiara amarula (Thiaridae)
Thiara bellicosa (Thiaridae)
Thiara cancellata (Thiaridae)
Thiara macrospira (Thiaridae)
Thiara scabra (Thiaridae)
Thiara scitula (Thiaridae)
Thiara terpsichore (Thiaridae)
Thylogale browni (Macropodidae)
Tiaris olivaceus (Emberizidae) yellow-faced grassquit
Tilapia aurea (Cichlidae)
Tilapia macrochir (Cichlidae)
Tilapia melanotheron (Cichlidae)
Tilapia mossambica (Cichlidae)
Tilapia nilotica (Cichlidae)
Tilapia niloticus (Cichlidae)
Tilapia occidentalis (Cichlidae)
Tilapia urolepis (Cichlidae)
Tilapia zilli (Cichlidae)
Todiramphus cinnamomina (Halcyonidae) Micronesian kingfisher
Tor putitora (Cyprinidae)
Trachemys scripta (Reptiles-Turtles) red-eared slider
Trachemys scripta subsp. elegans (Reptiles-Turtles)
Triaenodon obesus (Carcharhinidae) mano lalakea, whitetip reef shark
Trichogaster leeri (Osphronemidae)
Trichogaster pectoralis (Osphronemidae)
Trichogaster trichopterus (Osphronemidae)
Trichosurus vulpecula (Phalangeridae)
Tringa brevipes (Scolopacidae) gray-tailed tattler
Tringa flavipes (Scolopacidae) lesser yellowlegs
Tringa glareola (Scolopacidae) wood sandpiper
Tringa incana (Scolopacidae) ulili, wandering tattler
Tringa melanoleuca (Scolopacidae) greater yellowlegs
Tringa semipalmata (Scolopacidae) willet
Tringa solitaria (Scolopacidae) solitary sandpiper
Tringa stagnatilis (Scolopacidae) marsh sandpiper
Tryngites subruficollis (Scolopacidae) buff-breasted sandpiper
Turdus obscurus (Turdidae) eyebrowed thrush
Tursiops truncatus (Delphinidae)
Tyto alba (Tytonidae) barn owl
Uraeginthus bengalus (Birds) red-cheeked cordonbleu
Urocyon littoralis (Canidae)
Varanus indicus (Varanidae)
Vestiaria coccinea (Drepanididae) 'i'iwi, 'i'iwi, iiwi
Vulpes vulpes (Canidae)
Xenentodon cancila (Belonidae)
Xiphophorus helleri (Poeciliidae)
Xiphophorus maculatus (Poeciliidae)
Xiphophorus variatus (Poeciliidae)
Zanclus cornutus (Zanclidae)
Zenaida macroura (Birds) mourning dove
Ziphius cavirostris (Ziphiidae)
Zosterops conspicillata (Birds)
Zosterops japonicus (Birds) Japanese white-eye, Japanese white-eye
Zosterops rotensis (Birds)
Zyzomys argurus (Muridae)

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