Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Paratrechina longicornis
(Formicidae)

 
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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Identification Impacts Prevention
Control methods Human health issues Images Distribution Books
Full-text articles Experts Discussion forums Other resources  

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Species description or overview

Crazy ant (Paratrechina longicornis) information from Urban IPM
The characteristics, biology, and habitat of Paratrechina longicornis are presented in this University of Arizona Urban Integrated Pest Management page.

Those pesky tramp ants (Pest Control Technology Online)
Polygyny, monomorphism, and colony dispersal by budding and fission allow tramp ant species to succesfully invade new territories. These and other characteristics that benefit tramp ants are discussed in this article.

Paratrechina longicornis description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Paratrechina longicornis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

Paratrechina longicornis information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Paratrechina longicornis, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

Paratrechina longicornis (Latreille, 1802) taxonomy from ITIS
ITIS, the Integrated Taxonomic Information System, lists taxonomic data for Paratrechina longicornis and allows searches of other databases.


Identification

Key to ant species in Hawaii
13 physical characteristics are the basis of this computer-assisted key for identifying the 48 species of ants in Hawaii.


Impacts

Ecological dominance by Paratrechina longicornis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), an invasive tramp ant, in Biosphere 2 (abstract)
P. longicornis replaced all other ant species and dominated Biosphere 2, feeding almost exclusively on honeydew from homopterans.

Miami blue butterfly larvae and ants
Tapinoma melanocephalum, Paratrechina longicornis and P. bourbonica tend larvae of an endangered Florida butterfly in a facultative symbiosis.

Ecological dominance by Paratrechina longicornis in Biosphere 2 View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Paratrechina longicornis populations dominated Bioshere 2, feeding primarily on Homopteran excretions.

Paratrechina longicornis impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Paratrechina longicornis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Prevention

Change in Quarantine Action Policy for Ants Intercepted from Commodities Destined to the State of Hawaii
A policy change regarding quarantine action for ants intercepted from commodities in Hawaii is detailed here. The revised policy went into effect 10 April 2002.


Control methods

Paratrechina longicornis management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Paratrechina longicornis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Review of the efficacy of baits used for ant control and eradication
Ant species have varying responses to toxins and baits used for their control. This extensive review of published reports is a preamble to the development of recommendations for New Zealand.

Relative attractiveness of baits to Paratrechina longicornis (abstract)
Tuna and Xstinguish, along with sugar water and sugar water + boric acid, were the most attractive baits to P. longicornis foragers, according to this article in Journal of Economic Entomology.

Acceptability of different sugars and oils to three tropical ant species (abstract)
The acceptability of six sugars and oils to Pheidole megacephala, Ochetellus glaber, and Paratrechina longicornis was examined to determine potential preferences for bait.


Human health issues

Evaluation of urban ants as carriers of pathogens in residential and industrial environments: I. Bacteria (abstract)
Tapinoma melanocephalum was the most frequent carrier of potentially pathogenic bacteria in this study, but other ant species are also carriers (Sociobiology, 2005).


Images

Paratrechina longicornis images (Starr)
Images of Paratrechina longicornis (Formicidae) (crazy ant are provided by from Forest and Kim Starr.

Ants in Hawaii images
Images of many ant species found in Hawaii are on this page of photos taken by Neil Reimer, Hawaii State Department of Agriculture.


Distribution

Ants from Moorea, Society Islands (American Museum of Natural History, 1908)
In 1906-1907, 13 ant species were collected for the American Museum on the island of Moorea (Eimeo), near Tahiti. Some of the species are listed by outdated names.

A survey of urban pest ants in the Florida peninsula (Florida Entomologist, 1995) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Eight species of ants were identified as key pests in Florida. The most common were Solenopsis invicta (14%), Tapinoma melanocephalum (14%), Paratrechina longicornis (14%), Camponotus abdominalis floridanus (12%), Monomorium pharaonis (11%), Camponotus tortuganus (8%), Pheidole megacephala (7%), and Paratrechina bourbonica (4%).

New arthropod records from Kahoolawe (Bishop Museum Occasional Papers, 2004) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
New island records of a variety of arthropods collected on Kahoolawe are reported here.

Paratrechina longicornis worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Paratrechina longicornis is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Checklist of the ants of Fiji (Bishop Museum Occasional Papers, 2006). View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This checklist of the ants of Fiji includes 138 currently valid species and subspecies: 91 Fijian endemics, 22 wide-ranging Pacific natives, and 25 exotics.


Books

Natural history of Nihoa and Necker Islands (citation)
The Nihoa and Necker Islands Biological Survey Handbook citation, list of taxa covered in this Bishop Museum publication, and link to purchase information are on the HEAR bibliography site.


Full-text articles

Pacific Ant Prevention Plan View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This proposal was prepared by ISSG for the Pacific Plant Protection Organization and Regional Technical Meeting For Plant Protection in March 2004.

The ecology, policy, and management of ants in Hawaii (Proc. Hawaiian Entomol Soc., 2005)
The ecology and impacts of the roughly 45 ant species introduced to Hawaii, and their implications for agriculture, other sectors of the economy, and the conservation of native biodiversity, are reviewed (abstract with link to full article).

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

Maui Offshore Islet Botanical Survey
Starr, F., K. Starr, and Wood K. 2006. Maui Offshore Islet Botanical Survey. Report prepared for State Department of Land and Natural Resources and the Offshore Islet Restoration Committee, Honolulu, Hawaii.


Experts

Paratrechina longicornis contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Paratrechina longicornis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Discussion forums

Pacific Ant Group e-mail list (PAG-L@HAWAII.EDU)
The Pacific Ant Group discussion forum facilitates communication toward preventing establishment of Red Imported fire ant and other invasive ants on Pacific islands.


Other resources

Paratrechina longicornis references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Paratrechina longicornis as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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