Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Eleutherodactylus planirostris
(Amphibians-Frogs)

greenhouse frog

HEAR home  >  species info  >  vertebrates  >  Eleutherodactylus planirostris (Amphibians-Frogs)
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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Identification Pest alerts Impacts Control methods
Management plans Legislation/regulation Audio Images Distribution In the news
Full-text articles Experts Other resources      

HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING      HEAR CLOSING

A message from Dr. David Duffy, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (PCSU), University of Hawaii (posted 05 November 2012):

Because of a lack of funds, HEAR (www.hear.org) may close as soon as December 15, although there may be enough funds to extend it until February 15. This will mean several things. The web site will be placed on a new server although it is not clear who will pay for the server or for transitioning the site. HEAR data will not be updated. The Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/abtproj.htm) site will also become frozen, as will numerous books, reports and papers (http://www.hear.org/). As software evolves we will likely lose the ability to access the data. The various list servers will need new owners, otherwise moderated lists will cease to function altogether, while other lists will not be able to add or delete members. The photo collection (http://www.hear.org/starr/images/?o=plants) will remain accessible, but only through a third party site that will charge for access.

I should point out that we have already lost the original homes of both the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) and Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) although they have found temporary refuges. Together with HEAR, they represent the corporate memory both here in Hawaii and across the Pacific of efforts to sustain our natural ecosystems and agriculture against problems caused by species alien to the islands. HEAR also serves as the glue that holds the community together, providing information and facilitating communication. I just hope hindsight is kind to this decision.

PLEASE SEND YOUR COMMENTS/SUGGESTIONS TO webmaster@hear.org

Let us know if you have suggestions for additional references to add to this page.


Species description or overview

Greenhouse Frog - Eleutherodactylus planirostris
A species overview, images, partial U.S. distribution maps, and other information about Eleutherodactylus planirostris (the greenhouse frog) is available on this site.

Eleutherodactylus planirostris description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Eleutherodactylus planirostris as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

Eleutherodactylus planirostris information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Eleutherodactylus planirostris, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.


Identification

Greenhouse Frog - Eleutherodactylus planirostris
A species overview, images, partial U.S. distribution maps, and other information about Eleutherodactylus planirostris (the greenhouse frog) is available on this site.

Differences between greenhouse frog and coqui frog (CTAHR) (PDF/poster version) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Two Eleutherodactylus species found in Hawaii differ in physical characteristics, sound, and habitat.


Pest alerts

Pest Alert: Stop the spread of Caribbean frogs View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Pest Alert poster to educate the public and prevent further spread of Caribbean frogs in Hawaii.

HEAR Eleutherodactylus spp. frog pest alert View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Greenhouse and coqui frogs are shown in the "STOP the spread of Caribbean frogs!" pest alert from 2000.


Impacts

Eleutherodactylus planirostris impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Eleutherodactylus planirostris as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Control methods

Label instructions for use of calcium hydroxide (hydrated lime) to control coqui and greenhouse frogs in Hawaii View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The Hawaii Department of Agriculture provides online label instructions for use of calcium hydroxide (hydrated lime) to control coqui and greenhouse frogs (Eleutherodactylus coqui and Eleutherodactylus planirostris) in outdoor ornamental plants in nurseries and residential areas, parks, hotels, resorts, forest habitats, and natural areas in Hawaii. Ash Grove Kemilime may be used in the State of Hawaii (Oahu, Kauai, Maui, Lanai, Molokai and the Island of Hawaii) to control the coqui and greenhouse frogs in outdoor ornamental plants in nurseries and residential areas, parks, hotels and resorts, forest habitats, and natural areas from April 26, 2005 through April 26, 2008 under a Quarantine Exemption granted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the provisions of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, as Amended.

Citric acid pesticide label View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The label for use of citric acid anhydrous for control of caribbean tree frogs includes directions for use and toxicity to plants.

Hawaii's coqui frog management, research and education plan
"Hawaii's coqui frog management, research and education plan," co-authored by a consortium of stakeholders, is available online.

Eleutherodactylus planirostris management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Eleutherodactylus planirostris as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Management plans

Hawaii's coqui frog management, research and education plan
"Hawaii's coqui frog management, research and education plan," co-authored by a consortium of stakeholders, is available online.


Legislation/regulation

Lime application for frog control - survey View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This survey request from the Hawaii Department of Agriculture aims to monitor the application of hydrated lime to control coqui and greenhouse frogs, in accordance with EPA regulations (2006).


Audio

Audio recording of call of Eleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog)
The call of Eleutherodactylus planirostris (greenhouse frog) may be more melodic and less shrill than that of the coqui (mp3 format).


Images

Greenhouse Frog - Eleutherodactylus planirostris
A species overview, images, partial U.S. distribution maps, and other information about Eleutherodactylus planirostris (the greenhouse frog) is available on this site.

Eleutherodactylus planirostris - greenhouse frog (Leptodactydlidae - Anura)
Images, web sites, news articles, blog entries, videos, and books are compiled by google on this Reptiles and Amphibians of Hawaii site.


Distribution

Herpetological Review article: "Eleutherodactylus frog introductions to Hawaii" View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Frogs native to the Caribbean, Eleutherodactylus coqui, E. martinicensis, and E. planirostris, are now established in Hawaii (1999).

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy (2000) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The status of invasive plants, vertebrates, arthropods, molluscs, and crustaceans, and options for a regional invasive species strategy for the South Pacific are presented in this series of articles from the South Pacific Regional Environment Programme, 2000.

Greenhouse Frog - Eleutherodactylus planirostris
A species overview, images, partial U.S. distribution maps, and other information about Eleutherodactylus planirostris (the greenhouse frog) is available on this site.

Eleutherodactylus planirostris worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Eleutherodactylus planirostris is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


In the news

Pesky alien species have folks hopping mad
Coqui frogs frustrate and irritate Hawaii residents. This article has links to audio files (Star Bulletin, 6/5/2000).

Caffeine kills unwanted frogs but EPA worries it may be too potent
A 2% caffeine solution kills 100% of frogs, but may result in "nontarget mortality" (Star Bulletin, 5/16/2001).

Tiny, alien frogs making big noise across Hawaii
The coqui frog invasion should be a higher priority for the state, according to this Honolulu Star-Bulletin Editorial (5/18/2001).

Honolulu Star-Bulletin Hawaii News
Course material and virtual herbarium for College of Micronesia-FSM SC 250 Botany class.


Full-text articles

Herpetological Review article: "Eleutherodactylus frog introductions to Hawaii" View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Frogs native to the Caribbean, Eleutherodactylus coqui, E. martinicensis, and E. planirostris, are now established in Hawaii (1999).

Human-mediated escalation of the invasion of coqui frogs in Hawaii View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The many misguided decisions that allowed the invasion of coqui frogs (Eleutherodactylus coqui) in Hawaii to escalate beyond control are reviewed in this article published in Biological Invasions in 2002.

Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy
South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme (SPREP). Sherley, Greg (ed.) . 2000. Invasive species in the Pacific: A technical review and draft regional strategy. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme. ISBN: 982-04-0214-X.

An updated, indexed bibliography of the herpetofauna of Florida
Enge, Kevin M. 2002. An updated, indexed bibliography of the herpetofauna of Florida. Technical report no. 19.

Herpetological inventory in West Hawaii National Parks: Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park, Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site
Bazzano, Jason. 2007. Herpetological inventory in West Hawaii National Parks: Puuhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park, Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park, Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site. Technical Report 141. Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit, University of Hawaii at Manoa. Honolulu. 30 pp. illus.

Human-mediated escalation of a formerly eradicable problem: the invasion of Caribbean frogs in the Hawaiian Islands
Kraus, Fred and Earl W. Campbell III. 2002. Human-mediated escalation of a formerly eradicable problem: the invasion of Caribbean frogs in the Hawaiian Islands. Biological Invasions 4: 327-332.


Experts

Eleutherodactylus planirostris contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Eleutherodactylus planirostris as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Other resources

CANOE Travel: Plague of chirping frogs driving Hawaii batty
The noisy alien tree frogs have invaded the Hawaiian Islands and are becoming of growing concern for state and federal officials who say the spreading population may be reaching a point of no return.

Pesticide forms for using hydrated lime for coqui and greenhouse frog control in Hawaii
Pesticide forms for and information about using hydrated lime for coqui and greenhouse frog control in Hawaii are presented online by the Hawaii Department of Agriculture, including: Label instructions for use of calcium hydroxide (hydrated lime); applicator authorization form; sales recordkeeping form; application for license of pesticides; application for license renewal of pesticides; electronic submissions information; and HDOA contact information.

Alien Caribbean Frogs in Hawaii
Information about alien Caribbean frogs in Hawaii is presented by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).

Caribbean frogs (Eleutherodactylus coqui and Eleutherodactylus planirostris) - OISC target species
Potential impacts of Caribbean frogs on Oahu are described.

Eleutherodactylus planirostris references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Eleutherodactylus planirostris as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) is currently funded by grants from the Hau'oli Mau Loa Foundation and the U.S. Forest Service with support from PCSU (UH Manoa). Historically, HEAR has also received funding and/or support from the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), PIERC (USGS), the USFWS, HCSU (UH Hilo), and HALE (NPS).

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