Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR)

Anoplolepis gracilipes
(Formicidae)

 
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Species description or overview Taxonomy & nomenclature Identification See also these taxa Impacts Prevention
Control methods Images Distribution Books In the news Full-text articles
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Species description or overview

Anoplolepis gracilipes overview from Japanese Ant Image Database
Anoplolepis gracilipes images, description, and references are provided by Jant.

Yellow crazy ant information from Wikipedia
Article on the yellow crazy ant (Anoplolepis gracilipes includes information on biology, range, supercolonies, and impacts on Christmas Island (Wikipedia).

Ecology of yellow crazy ant Anoplolepis gracilipes
Anoplolepis gracilipes images, description, habitat, and impacts are presented in this issg Global Invasive Species site.

Anoplolepis gracilipes description and ecology from GISD (ISSG)
A species description and information about the ecology of Anoplolepis gracilipes as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Taxonomy & nomenclature

Anoplolepis gracilipes information from ITIS
The Integrated Taxonomic Information System ITIS provides authoritative taxonomic information on Anoplolepis gracilipes, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

Anoplolepis gracilipes (Smith, 1857) taxonomic information from ITIS
ITIS, the Integrated Taxonomic Information System, lists taxonomic data for Anoplolepis gracilipes Forel, 1899, and allows searches of other databases.


Identification

Key to ant species in Hawaii
13 physical characteristics are the basis of this computer-assisted key for identifying the 48 species of ants in Hawaii.

AntWeb field guide to the ant species of Hawaii View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Images of 20 of the ant species of Hawaii help to identify the species.


See also these taxa

Anoplolepis longipes (Formicidae): species information from HEAR
Categorized information about Anoplolepis longipes (Formicidae) is presented by the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR).


Impacts

Anoplolepis gracilipes impact information from GISD (ISSG)
Impact information regarding Anoplolepis gracilipes as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Invasional meltdown on an oceanic island (Ecology Letters) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Invasion by the alien crazy ant Anoplolepis gracilipes causes a rapid, catastrophic shift in the rain forest ecosystem of a tropical oceanic island (Christmas Island), affecting at least three trophic levels (full article).

Community level impacts of an ant invader and food mediated coexistence (abstract)
Ant community interactions with and without Anoplolepis gracilipes across two atolls in Tokelau were surveyed.

Crabs on early march in Christmas Island car-free zones
Red crab numbers on Christmas Island were reduced by up to one-third in the 1990s by huge colonies of introduced yellow crazy ants that spray poison into the crabs' eyes then eat them. A program to control yelow crazy ants has resulted in a successful migration for the endemic crabs (The Australian, 10/28/2009).


Prevention

Change in Quarantine Action Policy for Ants Intercepted from Commodities Destined to the State of Hawaii
A policy change regarding quarantine action for ants intercepted from commodities in Hawaii is detailed here. The revised policy went into effect 10 April 2002.


Control methods

Control of the invasive yellow crazy ant (Anoplolepis gracilipes) on Christmas Island View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
Aerial dispersal of 11 tons of poison bait controlled 95 to 99% of the crazy ants (Anoplolepis gracilipes) on Christmas Island in 2002.

Anoplolepis gracilipes management information from GISD (ISSG)
Management information for Anoplolepis gracilipes as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Images

Anoplolepis gracilipes images (Starr)
Images of Anoplolepis gracilipes (Formicidae) (long-legged ant are provided by from Forest and Kim Starr.

Images of Anoplolepis gracilipes from ANTWEB
This AntWeb site allows comparisons of close-up images of individuals within the species Anoplolepis gracilipes.


Distribution

Anoplolepis gracilipes -- Long-Legged Ant; Yellow Crazy Ant
This clickable map shows the distribution of this species around the world.

Ants from Moorea, Society Islands (American Museum of Natural History, 1908)
In 1906-1907, 13 ant species were collected for the American Museum on the island of Moorea (Eimeo), near Tahiti. Some of the species are listed by outdated names.

Nonindigenous ants associated with geothermal and human disturbance in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (abstract)
Ants were common in areas disturbed by geothermal or human activity in HawaiiVolcanoes National Park, but rare in undisturbed forest. Warmth generated by geothermal activity extended the range of some lowland ant species (Pacific Science, 1998).

Distribution of Anoplolepis gracilipes
Countries with distribution records for Anoplolepis gracilipes are listed in the Global Invasive Species Database.

Anoplolepis gracilipes worldwide distribution from GISD (ISSG)
Worldwide distribution information about Anoplolepis gracilipes is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).

Checklist of the ants of Fiji (Bishop Museum Occasional Papers, 2006). View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This checklist of the ants of Fiji includes 138 currently valid species and subspecies: 91 Fijian endemics, 22 wide-ranging Pacific natives, and 25 exotics.


Books

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.


In the news

Crabs on early march in Christmas Island car-free zones
Red crab numbers on Christmas Island were reduced by up to one-third in the 1990s by huge colonies of introduced yellow crazy ants that spray poison into the crabs' eyes then eat them. A program to control yelow crazy ants has resulted in a successful migration for the endemic crabs (The Australian, 10/28/2009).

Ants attacking birds on Chinaman's Hat
DOFAW researchers found swarms of yellow-crazy ants attacking nesting seabird on the tiny island of Chinaman's Hat, forcing them to find new nesting sites (KHON2, Jan 20, 2006, by Manolo Morales).


Full-text articles

Pacific Ant Prevention Plan View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
This proposal was prepared by ISSG for the Pacific Plant Protection Organization and Regional Technical Meeting For Plant Protection in March 2004.

Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives)
Veitch, C.R. and M.N. Clout (eds.) . 2002. Turning the tide: The eradication of invasive species (proceedings of the International Conference on Eradication of Island Invasives). IUCN SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. vii + 414pp. ISBN: 2-8317-0682-3.

Determinants for the successful establishment of exotic ants in New Zealand View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The exotic New Zealand ant fauna is examined for characteristics that predict or determine an exotic species' ability to establish. A predictive model based on quarantine records, climate, and ant species size was 71% accurate.

Behaviourally and genetically distinct populations of an invasive ant provide insight into invasion history and impacts on a tropical ant community View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The behavioral, genetic and environmental factors that influence variation in populations of the yellow crazy ant, Anoplolepis gracilipes, on Nukunonu Atoll of Tokelau, Pacific Ocean, are reported in this article.

Habitat complexity facilitates coexistence in a tropical ant community (Oecologia, 2006) View info about Adobe Acrobat PDF format
The invasive yellow crazy ant, Anoplolepis gracilipes (Smith), exists in high densities on Tokelau, but still coexists with up to seven other epigeic ant species. The roles of habitat complexity and size-grain hypothesis (SGH) are explored.


Experts

Anoplolepis gracilipes contacts from GISD (ISSG)
Contact information for experts on Anoplolepis gracilipes as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


Discussion forums

Pacific Ant Group e-mail list (PAG-L@HAWAII.EDU)
The Pacific Ant Group discussion forum facilitates communication toward preventing establishment of Red Imported fire ant and other invasive ants on Pacific islands.


Other resources

Anoplolepis gracilipes references from GISD (ISSG)
References regarding Anoplolepis gracilipes as an invasive species is provided from the Global Invasive Species Database (GISD). GISD was created and is maintained by IUCN's Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG).


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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk (HEAR) project was historically funded by the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) through PIERC (USGS) with support from HCSU (UH Hilo). More details are available online. Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)

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