Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Passiflora incarnata
L., Passifloraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Reject, score: 8 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: apricot vine, maypop, maypop passionflower, purple passionflower, red-flowered poka

French: passiflore rouge

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Vine: herbaceous, glabrous or finely pilosulous; stem: terete, younger parts angular; stipules: setaceous, 0.2-0.4 cm long, soon deciduous, entire; petioles: up to 8 cm long, with 2 glands mostly at apex; leaves: 3-lobed or rarely 5-lobed, 6-15 x 7-17 cm, membranous, serrate; peduncles: up to 10 cm, solitary, stout; bracts: oblong with 2 glands at base, 0.4-0.8 x 0.2-0.4 cm, slightly serrate, free; flowers: variable, white, pinkish, pale lavender, mauve, or violet, 6-8 (-9) cm in diameter; sepals: variable inside, green outside, oblong-lanceolate, ca. 3 x 1 cm, slightly keeled outside, keel terminating in an awn 0.2-0.4 cm long; petals: slightly shorter than sepals; corona: several series, white, pinkish, lavender, or violet, outer 2 series 1.5-2.5 cm long, wavy in upper 1/2, inner series 0.2-0.4 cm long; ovary: ovoid, densely tomentose; fruit: ovoid or subglobose, 5-6 x 3.5-5 cm, greenish yellow, edible; seeds: obovate or nearly obcordate, 0.4-0.5 x 0.3-0.4 cm, truncate at apex, reticulate" (Ulmer & MacDougal, 2004; pp. 294-295).

"Stems cylindrical, or angular when young; leaves deeply 3-lobed, mostly 4-6 in. long, toothed, dull above, petioles with 2 glands; flowers 2-3 in. across, white or pale lavender, outer 2 rings of corona filamentous, mostly pink to purple; fruit ovoid, to 2 in. long, yellow, edible. Differs from P. edulis in having herbage usually minutely pilose, leaves dull above, and bracts 3/8 in. long or less" (Bailey & Bailey, 1976; p. 825).

Habitat/ecology:  Cold hardy, full sun or partial shade (Ulmer & MacDougal, 2004; pp. 294-295). In New Caledonia, "largement cultivé et s'échappe parfois des jardins" (Green, 1998; pp. 84-85).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Southeastern United States (Ulmer & MacDougal, 2004; pp. 294-295).


Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 113)
Vouchers cited: Franc 103, MacKee 5281

Comments:  Localized in Hawai‘i, doesn't set fruit (yet) (David Lorence, pers. com.).

Control:  If you know of control methods for Passiflora incarnata, please let us know.

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This page was created on 2 JAN 2004 and was last updated on 20 OCT 2006.