Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Ormosia monosperma
(Sw.) Urb., Fabaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 1 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Ormosia dasycarpa A. B. Jacks.; Sophora monosperma Sw.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: African bead tree, bead tree, necklace tree, snakewood

French: caconier

Habit:  tree

Description:  "A tree to 17 m high where indigenous.  The leaflets, usually 7-11, are up to 20 x 6 cm, and the petals are dark purple, the standard with a white spot.  The fruits are densely velutinous, up to 6 x 3.5 x 2 cm and with 1-3 seeds, these red and black and up to 17 x 17 x 11 mm"  (Smith, 1985; p. 152).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela (GRIN).


Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Cook Islands
Southern Cook Islands
Rarotonga Island introduced
McCormack, Gerald (2013)
Fiji Islands
Viti Levu Island introduced
Smith, Albert C. (1985) (p. 152)
Vouchers cited: DA 1564, DA 7298
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Hawai‘i (Big) Island   Bishop Museum (U.S.A. Hawaii. Honolulu.) (1979) (voucher ID: BISH 436361)
Taxon name on voucher: Ormosia monosperma (Sw.) Urb.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island   National Tropical Botanical Garden (U.S.A. Hawaii. Kalaheo.) (year unknown) (voucher ID: PTBG 24887)
Taxon name on voucher: Ormosia monosperma

Control:  If you know of control methods for Ormosia monosperma, please let us know.

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This page was created on 2 OCT 2012 and was last updated on 8 OCT 2012.