Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Howea forsteriana
(C. Moore & F. Mueller) Beccari, Arecaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 3 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Denea forsteriana (F. Muell. ex H. Wendl.) O. F. Cook; Kentia forsteriana F. Muell. ex H. Wendl.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Forster sentry palm, kentia palm, paradise palm, sentry palm, thatch-leaf palm

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Slender tree to 20 m high. Leaves 3-4 (-5) m long; petiole 100-167 cm long; pinnae 30-60 cm long, borne horizontally, drooping; central and lower leaves horizontal or drooping from crown and upper leaves ± erect. Inflorescence of 3-5 (-8) similar spikes, c. 1 m long, all enclosed at base by a common prophyll, pendulous; peduncle flattened, 3-5 cm long; spikes 0.7-1.25 m long, each with its own peduncular bract. Male flower creamy brown; stamens 65-100. Fruit ellipsoidal, gradually tapered towards apex, 3-5 cm long, bright or dull red"  (Flora of Australia online).

Habitat/ecology:  On Lord Howe Island (native), "on coralline and basalt soils, especially on flat calcarenite sites, from sea-level to about 300 m, often in pure stands"  (Flora of Australia online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  Australia (Lord Howe Island)  (Flora of Australia online).


Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Australia (Pacific offshore islands)
Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island native
Australian Biological Resources Study (2013)
Voucher cited: J.L. Boorman (NSW)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Fosberg, F. R./Sachet, Marie-Hélène/Oliver, Royce (1987) (p. 84)
Federated States of Micronesia
Pohnpei Islands
Pohnpei Island introduced
Herrera, Katherine/Lorence, David H./Flynn, Timothy/Balick, Michael J. (2010) (p. 36)
Marshall Islands
Ratak Chain
Majuro (Mãjro) Atoll introduced
Vander Velde, Nancy (2003) (p. 31)
New Caledonia
New Caledonia Archipelago
Île Grande Terre introduced
MacKee, H. S. (1994) (p. 112)
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands native
Hancock, I. R./Henderson, C. P. (1988) (p. 82)

Control:  If you know of control methods for Howea forsteriana, please let us know.

Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (

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This page was created on 25 OCT 2010 and was last updated on 8 MAY 2013.