Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Hedera canariensis
Willdenow, Araliaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Reject, score: 13 (Go to the risk assessment).

Other Latin names:  Hedera helix subsp. canariensis (Willd.) Cout.

Common name(s): [more details]

English: Canary Islands ivy, Canary ivy, Madeira ivy

Habit:  vine

Description:  "Leaves mostly wider than long, those of the non-flowering shoots reniform, rather obscurely 3-lobed, those of the flowering shoots suborbicular-cordate.  Hairs usually yellowish-brown, stellate-peltate, with 12-16 (-22) rays all in one plane, united at the base for about 1/4 of their length.  Ripe fruit black, 8-10 mm in diameter"  (Tutin et al., 1968; vol. 2, p. 314).

Habitat/ecology:  (no habitat/ecology info known by PIER)

Propagation:  Seed; rooting from nodes.

Native range:  Canary Islands; also cultivated (GRIN).


Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
New Zealand
New Zealand
New Zealand (country) introduced
Webb, C. J./Sykes, W. R./Garnock-Jones, P. J. (1988) (p. 146)
Waste ground. Collected once only from Riccarton, Christchurch.
United States (west coast)
United States (west coast states)
USA (California) introduced
U.S. Dept. Agr., Nat. Res. Cons. Serv. (2013)
As Hedera helix L. ssp. canariensis (Willd.) Cout.

Control:  If you know of control methods for Hedera canariensis, please let us know.

Need more info? Have questions? Comments? Information to contribute? Contact PIER! (

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This page was created on 8 MAR 2010 and was last updated on 7 MAY 2013.