Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Clerodendrum macrostegium
Schauer, Lamiaceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  yes

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 8 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: velvetleaf glorybower

Habit:  shrub

Description:  "Large shrub or tree of up to 20 ft tall with large, velvety leaves, white and lilac flowers subtended by large, showy, lilac and pale green bracts. As the fruit matures the calyx becomes engorged, thickens and turns a dark glossy purple, splitting in to a star shape that presents the glossy, blue-black fruits" (Lorence & Flynn 1997, Wagner et al. 1999; p. 1895).

Habitat/ecology:  "Spread mainly occurs in warm, moist to wet, lowland areas and the invasive potential to natural areas is not yet fully known" (Starr et al., 2003).

Propagation:  Bird-dispersed fruits and root suckers (Starr et al., 2003).

Native range:  Philippines (Starr et al., 2003).


Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
French Polynesia
Society Islands
Tahiti Island introduced
Florence, J./Chevillotte, H./Ollier, C./Meyer, J.-Y. (2013)
Voucher cited: J. Florence 6646 (PAP)
Ornementale rare à Tahiti.
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
Kaua‘i Island introduced
Lorence, David H./Flynn, Tim (1997) (p. 12)
Voucher cited: Nishek s.n. (PTBG)
State of Hawaii
Hawaiian Islands
O‘ahu Island introduced
Daehler, Curtis C./Baker, Raymond F. (2006) (p. 11)
Vouchers cited: K. Nagata 2876 (BISH), C. Daehler 1059 (BISH, HAW), G. W. Staples 827 (BISH)
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Luzon, Mindoro, Panay
Philippine Islands
Philippine Islands native
Merrill, Elmer D. (1923) (p. 403)
In secondary forests and thickets at low altitudes.

Control:  If you know of control methods for Clerodendrum macrostegium, please let us know.

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This page was created on 16 JAN 2004 and was last updated on 17 DEC 2012.