Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Canarium album
(Lour.) Raeusch., Burseraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  Evaluate, score: 3 (Go to the risk assessment)

Other Latin names:  Pimela alba Lour.

Common name(s): [more details]

Chinese: bai lan, gan lan, huang lang guo, shan lan

English: Chinese white-olive, Chinese-olive

French: canari du Tonkin, canari vulgaire, olive blanche de Chine, olive blanche du Tonkin, olivier chinois, olivier de Chine

Japanese: kanariiuddo, kanariumu, kanaryuumu, kanran, kedondon

Spanish: pisa

Thai: samo cheen, samo chin

Vietnamese: Trám trang, cà na

Habit:  tree

Description:  "Trees, 7-25 (-35) m tall. Branchlets 5-6 mm in diameter, tomentose with yellowish brown hairs when young, glabrescent. Leaves stipulate; leaflets 3-6 pairs; blades lanceolate, elliptic, or ovate, 6-14 x 2-5.5 cm, glabrous or abaxially sparsely setose on veins, base rounded or obliquely cuneate, margin entire, apex acuminate with acumen up to ca. 2 cm; lateral veins 12-16 pairs. Inflorescences axillary, minutely tomentose or glabrescent. Male flowers numerous in cymose panicles 15-30 cm; female inflorescence racemose, with less than 8 flowers. Calyx 2.5-3 mm, 3-fid in male flowers, nearly truncate in female flowers. Stamens glabrous; filaments connate for more than 1/2 of length; disk globose or terete and slightly 6-lobed in male flowers, annular, thick and fleshy, with 3 shallowly sinuate teeth and adaxially somewhat pubescent in female flowers. Infructescences 1.5-15 cm, with 1-6 fruits; persistent calyx flat, ca. 5 mm in diameter, with recurved lobes. Drupe ovoid or spindle-shaped, 25-35 mm, yellow-green, glabrous; exocarp thick, wrinkled when dry; pyrene acuminate"  (Flora of China online).

Habitat/ecology:  In China (native): "Forests on slopes, valleys, also cultivated; 100-1300 m"  (Flora of China online).

Propagation:  Seed

Native range:  China and Vietnam (GRIN).


Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
China (People's Republic of) native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan
Hong Kong native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Taiwan Island
Taiwan Island native
Zhengyi, Wu/Raven, Peter H./Deyuan, Hong (2013)
Vietnam (Socialist Republic of) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)

Control:  If you know of control methods for Canarium album, please let us know.

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This page was created on 2 OCT 2012 and was last updated on 4 OCT 2012.