Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER)

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Anigozanthos flavidus
A. P. de Candolle, Haemodoraceae
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Present on Pacific Islands?  no

Primarily a threat at high elevations?  no

Risk assessment results:  High risk, score: 12 (Go to the risk assessment)

Common name(s): [more details]

English: evergreen kangaroo-paw, tall kangaroo-paw

Habit:  herb


Genus:  "Stems short, simple, underground. Leaves flat or subterete, glabrous or hirsute. Scape simple, forked or paniculate. Inflorescence a many- or few-flowered, one-sided raceme. Perianth zygomorphic, lobed, tubular and shortly or deeply cleft ventrally forming a straight or falcate hood, tomentose with red, green, yellow or orange plumose hairs; lobes unequal, horizontal to erect or recurved. Stamens 6, inserted near base of lobes, 1-3-seriate; anthers basifixed, the connective sometimes apiculate; locules free at base. Ovules 2-many per locule; style filiform, straight at base then curved; stigma entire. Fruit dry; dehiscence loculicidal. Seed angular or obloid, pitted or furrowed, reddish, pale brown, grey or black"

SpeciesHerb with scape to 3 m high. "Leaves 35-100 cm long, 5-20 mm wide. Scape 1-3 m tall, glabrous almost to the panicle, otherwise similar to A. rufus. Floral hairs dull yellowish green, sometimes partly or entirely brownish red. Perianth straight or ± falcate, 30-45 mm long; lobes 7.5-12 mm long. Anthers 2-4 mm long; outer filaments 3-6 mm long; central filaments 2-5 mm long. Style 30-40 mm long. Seeds 1.5-2 mm long"  (Flora of Australia online).

Habitat/ecology:  In Australia (native), grows in well-watered sandy loam and gravel along drainage lines, fringing wetlands and along roadside gutters"  (Flora of Australia online).

Propagation:  "This species is spread by seed and rhizomes. The rhizomes are spread by slashing and general ground maintenance"  (New South Wales Flora Online).

Native range:  Western Australia, cultivated elsewhere (GRIN).


Pacific Rim
Country/Terr./St. &
Island group
Location Cited status &
Cited as invasive &
Cited as cultivated &
Cited as aboriginal introduction?
Reference &
Australia (continental)
New South Wales introduced
National Herbarium of New South Wales (2013)
Australia (continental)
Australia (continental) native
U.S. Dept. Agr., Agr. Res. Serv. (2013)
Western Australia

Control:  If you know of control methods for Anigozanthos flavidus, please let us know.

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This page was created on 1 JUN 2011 and was last updated on 29 JUL 2011.