Hawaiian Ecosystems at
Risk project (HEAR) Fungi, viruses, pathogens, etc.
HEAR species information

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A message from Dr. David Duffy, Pacific Cooperative Studies Unit (PCSU), University of Hawaii (posted 05 November 2012):

Because of a lack of funds, HEAR (www.hear.org) may close as soon as December 15, although there may be enough funds to extend it until February 15. This will mean several things. The web site will be placed on a new server although it is not clear who will pay for the server or for transitioning the site. HEAR data will not be updated. The Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) (http://www.hear.org/pier/abtproj.htm) site will also become frozen, as will numerous books, reports and papers (http://www.hear.org/). As software evolves we will likely lose the ability to access the data. The various list servers will need new owners, otherwise moderated lists will cease to function altogether, while other lists will not be able to add or delete members. The photo collection (http://www.hear.org/starr/images/?o=plants) will remain accessible, but only through a third party site that will charge for access.

I should point out that we have already lost the original homes of both the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) and Pacific Ecosystems at Risk (PIER) although they have found temporary refuges. Together with HEAR, they represent the corporate memory both here in Hawaii and across the Pacific of efforts to sustain our natural ecosystems and agriculture against problems caused by species alien to the islands. HEAR also serves as the glue that holds the community together, providing information and facilitating communication. I just hope hindsight is kind to this decision.


The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) presents information about selected fungi, viruses, pathogens, etc., with particular reference to their status in Hawaii.

If you're viewing this page online, clicking on a highlighted species name will take you to a page with additional information and online resources about that species.

Common names: Some species on this page are listed on this page only with scientific names. If you have a reference for an unlisted common name, please send the information--scientific name, common name(s), and reference--to webmaster@hear.org. Note, however, that scientific names--although they do change occasionally--are the most reliable way to refer to types of organisms. You may search the ITIS database for common names to determine the scientific name of an animal. If this does not provide the information you need, you may also search the web for the name. You may also search the HEAR website by common name.

For further information, contact webmaster@hear.org.

Species (family)
Common name(s)
Native to Hawaii?
Present in Hawaii?
Established in Hawaii?
Angiostrongylus cantonensis (Metastrongylidae) rat lungworm (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Asperisporium caricae (Incertae sedis) NOT native to Hawaii PRESENT in Hawaii ESTABLISHED in Hawaii
Atelocauda digitata (Pucciniaceae) gall rust NATIVE to Hawaii PRESENT in Hawaii ESTABLISHED in Hawaii
Botryosphaeria ribis (Botryosphaeriaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Calotomus zonarchus () uhu, yellowbar parrotfish NATIVE to Hawaii PRESENT in Hawaii ESTABLISHED in Hawaii
Chattonella verruculosa (Chattonellaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Cocostroma myconae ((fungus)) NOT native to Hawaii ?unresearched ?unresearched
Cristulariella pyramidalis ((fungus)) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Cronartium ribicola (a type of rust) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Cryphonectria parasitica (a type of plant pathogen) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Cypraea caputserpentis () NATIVE to Hawaii PRESENT in Hawaii ESTABLISHED in Hawaii
Cypraea mauritiana () humpbacked cowrie NATIVE to Hawaii PRESENT in Hawaii ESTABLISHED in Hawaii
Discula destructiva (a type of plant pathogen) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Favolaschia calocera (Mycenaceae) NOT native to Hawaii PRESENT in Hawaii ESTABLISHED in Hawaii
Fusarium circinatum (a type of canker) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Fusarium subglutinans (a type of canker) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Geomyces destructans ((fungus)) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Geosmithia sp. ((fungus)) thousand cankers disease NOT native to Hawaii ?unresearched ?unresearched
Guignardia sp. (Botryosphaeriaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Kuronomyces sp. (Basidiomycota(?; m.s.)) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Metschnikowia sp. (Metschnikowiaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Neofusicoccum parvum (Botryosphaeriaceae) NOT native to Hawaii NOT known to be present in Hawaii NOT known to be established in Hawaii
Ophiostoma novo-ulmi (a type of plant pathogen) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Ophiostoma ulmi (a type of plant pathogen) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Phaeoramularia sp. ((fungus)) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Phaeoramularia utilis ((fungus)) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Phallus rubicundus (Phallaceae) (unresearched) PRESENT in Hawaii ESTABLISHED in Hawaii
Placosphaeria sp. ((fungus)) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Puccinia canaliculata (Pucciniaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Puccinia chondrillina (Pucciniaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Puccinia hemerocallidis (Pucciniaceae) NOT native to Hawaii PRESENT in Hawaii ESTABLISHED in Hawaii
Puccinia heterospora (Pucciniaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Puccinia lagenophorae (Pucciniaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Puccinia psidii (Pucciniaceae) eucalyptus rust, guava rust, ohia rust NOT native to Hawaii ?unresearched ?unresearched
Ralstonia solanacearum (Ralstoniaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Sirococcus clavigignenti-juglandacearum (a type of canker) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Uredo rangelii (Pucciniaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Uromyces pisi (Pucciniaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Uromyces pisi f. sp. europaei (Pucciniaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched
Ustilago scitaminea (Ustilaginaceae) (unresearched) ?unresearched ?unresearched

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