Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) Species list of ants established in Hawaii


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Over forty (40) species of ants have become established in Hawaii, equalling or surpassing the known number of ant species introduced to almost any other biogeographic region of the world. (Note that a few of the species reported established in Hawaii have not been collected in many decades and possibly no longer occur there.)

Species list of ants established in Hawaii

Scientific name Authority Common name (if available) Islands on which species established Date of first record4 Native range4
Amblyopone zwaluwenburgi1,4 (Williams, 1946)     1941  
Anoplolepis gracilipes1,2,3,4 (F. Smith, 1857) long-legged ant3, yellow crazy ant All3 1952 Africa or tropical Asia
Brachymyrmex obscurior1,4 (Forel, 1893)   Maui1 1914 Neotropics
Camponotus variegatus1,2,3,4 (F. Smith, 1858) Hawaiian carpenter ant1,3
(It should not be inferred from this name that this ant is native to Hawaii; it is not. -pt@hear.org)
  1879 Indo-Pacific Area
Cardiocondyla emeryi1,2,4 (Forel, 1881)     1943 Africa and the Near East
Cardiocondyla kagutsuchi4 (Terayama)     1967 India to S.E. Asia?
Cardiocondyla minutior4 (Forel)     1893 Indomalayan region
Cardiocondyla obscurior4 (Wheeler)     1994  
Cardiocondyla venustula1,2,4,5 (Wheeler, 1908)   Kauai 1967 Africa
Cardiocondyla wroughtonii1,2,4 (Forel, 1890)     1893 Indomalayan region?
Cerapachys biroi1,2,4 (Forel, 1907)     1908 S.E. Asia
Hypoponera opaciceps1,2,4 (Mayr, 1887)     1899 Brazil
Hypoponera punctatissima1,2,4 (Roger, 1859)     1879 Europe?
Hypoponera zwaluwenburgi1,2,4 (Wheeler, 1933)     1933  
Lepisiota sp.1,4       1994  
Leptogenys falcigera1,2,4 (Roger, 1861)     1879 Africa
Linepithema humile1,3,4 (Mayr, 1868) Argentine ant1   1940 South America
Monomorium destructor1,2,4 (Jerdon, 1851)     1899 Africa or India
Monomorium floricola1,2,3,4 (Jerdon, 1851)     1899 India and S.E. Asia
Monomorium liliuokalanii2,4 (Bolton, 1987)     1899 origin unknown5
Monomorium pharaonis1,2,3,4 (Linnaeus, 1758) Pharaoh ant1   1913 Africa?
Monomorium sechellense1,2,4 (Emery, 1894)     1916 Asia?
Ochetellus glaber1,4 (Mayr, 1862)     1977 Austalia and New Caledonia
Paratrechina bourbonica1,2,4 (Forel, 1886)     1879  
Paratrechina longicornis1,2,3,4 (Latreille, 1802) crazy ant 1,3   1899 Africa?
Paratrechina vaga1,2,4 (Forel, 1899)     1899 Australia and S. E. Asia
Pheidole fervens1,4 (F. Smith, 1858)     1967 Asia
Pheidole megacephala1,2,3,4 (Fabricius, 1793) big-headed ant1   1879 Africa?
Pheidole moerens3,4 (Fabricius, 1793)   Big Island3 2000 Puerto Rico?
Plagiolepis alluaudi1,2,3,4 (Emery, 1894) little yellow ant1   1913 India?
Ponera swezeyi1,2,4 (Wheeler, 1933)     1933  
Pseudomyrmex gracilis1,4 (Fabricius, 1804)     1976 Neotropics
Pyramica membranifera1,4 (Emery, 1869)     1932 Europe?
Solenopsis geminata1,2,3,4 (Fabricius, 1804) fire ant1   1879 Neotropics
Solenopsis papuana1,2,4 (Emery, 1900)     1967 Papuanal region
Solenopsis sp.3,4 (Emery, 1890)   Big Island, Oahu3 2000  
Strumigenys emmae1,4 (Emery, 1890)     1922 Papuanal region
Strumigenys godeffroyi1,2,4 (Mayr, 1866)     1961 Polynesia
Strumigenys lewisi1,2,4 (Cameron, 1886)     1917 Asia
Strumigenys rogeri1,2,4 (Emery, 1890)     1933 Neotropics
Tapinoma melanocephalum1,2,4 (Fabricius, 1793) tiny yellow house ant1   1899  
Technomyrmex albipes1,2,3,4 (F. Smith, 1861)     1911 Indo-Pacific area
Tetramorium bicarinatum1,2,4 (Nylander, 1847) Guinea ant1   1879 S.E. Asia
Tetramorium insolens1,4 (F. Smith, 1861)     1993 Indo-Pacific Area
Tetramorium simillimum1,2,4 (F. Smith, 1851)     1934 Europe
Tetramorium tonganum1,2,4 (Mayr, 1870)     1926 Pacific region
Wasmannia auropunctata1,4 (Roger, 1863) little fire ant,1 Big Island, Kauai3,4 1999 Neotropics

NOTES
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Information sources

1Species list of ants established in Hawaii (Neil Reimer: Hawaii Ant Group)
2Change in Quarantine Action Policy for Ants Intercepted from Commodities Destined to the State of Hawaii (2002 e-mailed memo from USDA/APHIS)
3Antwatch website (Hawaii section)
4The Ecology, Policy, and Management of Ants in Hawaii (Krushelnycky, Loope, and Reimer 2005)
5Pers. comm., Paul Krushelnycky to Philip Thomas, 09 June 2007.
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The Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk project (HEAR) is currently funded by grants from the Hau'oli Mau Loa Foundation and the U.S. Forest Service with support from PCSU (UH Manoa). Historically, HEAR has also received funding and/or support from the Pacific Basin Information Node (PBIN) of the National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII), PIERC (USGS), the USFWS, HCSU (UH Hilo), and HALE (NPS).

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This page was created on 04 July 2007 by PT & LF, and was last updated on 05 May 2009 by PT. Valid HTML 4.01!