Ants in Hawaii
Ant species info
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Hawaii Ant Group
Prevention of ant incursions is the most cost-effective--and often ONLY effective--means to avoid permanent, unmitigable effects from ant invasions. Eradication is generally achievable only when ants are present only in small numbers and/or a restricted area; this approach takes quick action and dedicated resources. Control is the fallback position, when prevention and eradication have failed; it is an ongoing cost which almost never completely mitigates the problems caused by ant invasions.
The ecology, policy, and management of ants in Hawaii (Krushelnycky, Loope, and Reimer, 2005)
Issues related to ants in Hawaii are outlined by some of Hawaii's leading ant management experts (in The Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society (2005) 37:1-25).
General Emergency Response Plan for Invasive Ant Incursions
This manual is a detailed emergency response plan for ant incursions that can be used by Pacific Island Countries and Territories (PICTs) as a basis for ant-specific emergency response plans. The plan was developed at a workshop conducted by the Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC) in Suva, Fiji between 6th and 8th October 2008 and draws heavily on an existing generic emergency response plan developed by Dr. Geunther Rapp in 2001 for the SPC.
Efforts at control of the Argentine ant in Haleakala National Park (Krushelnycky and Reimer, 1996)
Results of a year-long baited-trap study are outlined in this 32-page article.
Ant management guidelines (University of California)
Information on identification, habits, and management of various ant species in California is provided by the Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program of the University of California. (Many of these issues are the same or similar in Hawaii.)
The little fire ant, Wasmannia auropunctata: distribution, impact and control (Wetterer & Porter, 2003)
"The little fire ant, Wasmannia auropunctata, has been increasing in importance as an exotic pest. Here we review published and unpublished information on its distribution, ecology, impact, and control." [from abstract]
Fire ants: control and treatment
Detection, containment, and eradication of the red imported fire ant (RIFA) (Solenopsis invicta) are covered on this Australia-based site.