Published Information on Axis Deer
-A work in progress!!

NOTE: This document is a mirror of; mirror site last updated 21 January 1999. Document by Steven B. Anderson.

Ables, E.D., E.R. Fuchs, T.J. Galvin, L.P. Jones, R.M. Robinson, W.B. Russ, and J.C. Smith. 1977. The Axis Deer in Texas. The Caesar Kleberg Research Program in Wildlife Ecology, the Texas A & M University system, College Station, TX.

Balasubramaniam, S., C. Santiapillai and M.R. Chambers. 1980. Seasonal shifts in the pattern of habitat utilization by the spotted deer (Axis axis erxleben, 1777) in the Ruhuna National Park, Sri Lanka. Spixiana 3: 157-66.

Barrette, C. 1991. The size of axis deer fluid groups in Wilpattu National Park, Sri Lanka. Mammalia 55(2): 207-20.

Bentley, A. 19XX. An introduction to the deer of Australia, with special reference to Victoria. Hawthorne Press. Pp. 63-66.

Berwick, S.H. and P.A. Jordan. 1971. First report of the Yale-Bombay Natural History Society studies of wild ruminants at the Gir forest, Gujarat, India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 68(2): 412-23.

Bhat, S.D. and G.S. Rawat. Habitat Use by Chital (Axis axis) in Dhaulkhand, Rajaji National Park, India. Tropical Ecology 36(2): 177-89.

Brewbaker, J. L. 1988. Deer palatability of Leucaena diversifolia. Leucaena Research Reports. 9: 113-114.

Chakrabarty, B. 1991. Habitat use by radio instrumented chital, sambar, and nilgai in Sariska Tiger Reserve. M.Sc. Diss. Saurashtra University, Rajkot, India.

Chapple, R.S., A.W. English and R.C. Mulley. 1993. Characteristics of the oestrous cycle and duration of gestation in chital (Axis axis) hinds. J. Reprod. Fertility. 98: 23-26.

Choudhury, K.C.R. 1966. Behaviour of chital (Axis axis Erxleben). Jnl. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 63: 747.

Cooke, G.P. 1949. Moolelo O Molokai. Honolulu Star Bulletin. Honolulu, HI.

de Silva, P.K. & M. de Silva. 1992. Population structure and activity rhythm of the spotted deer in Ruhuna National Park, Sri Lanka. Devel. in Anim. and Vet. Scis. 26: 285-94.

De, R.C. and J.J. Spillett. 1966. A study of the chital or spotted deer in Corbett National Park, Uttar Pradesh. Jnl. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 63: 576-98.

Dinerstein, E. 1979. An ecological survey of the Royal Karnali-Bardia Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Part II: habitat/animal interactions. Biol. Conserv. 16: 265-300.

Dinerstein, E. 1980. An ecological survey of the Royal Karnali-Bardia Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Part III: ungulate populations. Biol. Conserv. 18: 5-38.

Dinerstein, E. and H.T. Dublin. 1982. Daily defectation rate of captive axis deer. Jnl. Wildl. Mgmt. 46: 833-35.

Dinerstein, Eric. 1987. Deer, plant phenology and succession in the lowland forests of Nepal. Pages 272-88 in Biology and Management of the Cervidae. Christen M. Wemmer, ed. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, D.C. 577 pp.

Dinerstein, E. 1989. The foliage-as-fruit hypothesis and the feeding behavior of southern Asian ungulates. Biotropica 21:214-218.

Eisenberg, J.F. and M.C. Lockhart. 1972. An ecological reconnaisance of Wilpattu National Park, Ceylon. Smithsonian Contrib. Zool. 101: 1-118.

Ellingwood, M.R. & S.L. Caturano. 1988. An evaluation of deer management options. Northeast Deer Technical Committee, publ. No. DR-11. 12 pages.

Elliott III, H.W. 1973. A field survey of the exotic axis deer at Point Reyes National Seashore. M.S. Thesis. Univ. Cal.- Davis.

Elliott III, H.W. 1983. Ecological relationships of cattle, axis deer, fallow deer, and black-tailed deer on Point Reyes peninsula. PhD Diss. Univ. Cal.- Davis.

Elliott III, H.W. & W.M. Longhurst. 1984. Fecal pH of axis deer and black-tailed deer. JWM 48(2): 659-62.

Elliott III, H.W and R. Barrett. 1985. Dietary overlap among axis, fallow, and black-tailed deer and cattle. Jnl. Range Mgmt. 38(6): 546-50.

Evtushevskii, N.N. 1977. Some results of the acclimatization of the axis deer in the Chekassy Oblast. Vestnik Zoologii 1: 7-11. [In Russian]

Fahimudden 1963

Gadgil, M. 1979. Selfish herds of the spotted deer. Hornbill Jnl. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 11: 13-16.

Graf, W. 7/24/58. The Deer Problem in Hawaii. Report to the Division of Fish & Game. 5 pages

Graf, W. 7/22/58. Report on New Zealand: Observations and comments on deer control and wildlife managements in New Zealand. 10 pages (incomplete on file!)

Graf, W. 10/31/58. Progress Report (9/1/57-8/31/58)- Ecology of the Axis deer. 8 pages.

Graf, W. and L. Nichols Jr. 1966. The axis deer in Hawaii. Jnl. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 63: 629-734.

Grubb, Peter. 1992. Order Artiodactyla. Pages 377-414 in Mammal Species of the World, 2nd ed. Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. 1206 pp.

Gupta and Verma. 1949.

Henke, S.E., S. Demarais and J.A. Pfister. 1988. Digestive capacity and diets of white-tailed deer and exotic ruminants. JWM 52: 595-98.

Howard Jr., V.W. 1967. Identifying fecal groups by pH analysis. Jnl. Wildl. Mgmt. ????

Howery, L.D., J.A. Pfister and S. Demarais. 1989. Seasonal reproductive activity of 4 exotic ungulates in Texas, U.S.A.. J. Wildl. Mgmt. 53(3): 613-17.

Inverarity, J. 1895. The chital or spotted deers. Jnl. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 9: 481-85.

Jayson, E.A. 1991. An ecological survey of Satpura National Park, Pachmarhi and Bori sanctuaries, Madhya Pradesh. Indian Jnl. Forestry. 13: 288-94.

Johnsingh, A.J.T. 1981. Importance of fruits in the diet of chital in dry season. Jnl. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 78: 594.

Johnsingh, A.J.T. 1986. Impact of fire on wildlife ecology in two dry, deciduous, forests in south India. Indian Forester 112: 933-38.

Johnsingh, A.J.T. and K. Sankar. 1991. Food plants of chital, sambar, and cattle on Mundanthurai plateau, Tamil Nadu, south India. Mammalia 55(1): 57-66.

Khan, J.A. and U. Vohra. 1992. Group size and group composition of chital (Axis axis) in Gir, Gujarat, India. Mammalia 56(4): 662-65.

Kramer, Raymond J. 1971. Hawaiian Land Mammals. Charles E. Tuttle. Rutland, VT. 347 p.

Lamba, B.S. and P.C. Tak. 1977. Up to what elevation is the cheetal, Axis axis (Erxleben) found in the Himilayas? Newsl. Zool. Surv. India 3(5): 250.

Martin, C. 1987. Interspecific relationships between Barasingha and axis deer in Kanha National Park, India, and relevance to management. Pages 299-306 in Biology and Management of the Cervidae. Christen M. Wemmer, ed. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, D.C. 577 pp.

McKay, G.M. and J.F. Eisenberg. 1974. Movement patterns and habitat utilization of ungulates in Ceylon. Pages 708-21 In, The behavior of Ungulates and its Relation to Management. Geist, V. and F. Walther, eds. IUCN publs. New Ser. No. 39.

McKenzie, M.E. and W.R. Davidson. 1989. Helminth parasites of intermingling axis deer, wild swine and domestic cattle from the island of Moloka’i, Hawaii. J. Wildl. Diseases 25: 252-57.

Mishra, H.R. 1982. The ecology and behavior of chital (Axis axis) in the Royal Chitwan National Park, Nepal [with comparative studies of hog deer (Axis porcinus), sambar (Cervus unicolor) and barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak)]. PhD Diss. University of Edinburgh, U.K..

Mishra, H.R. and C. Wemmer. 1987. The comparative breeding ecology of four cervids in Royal Chitwan National Park. Pages 259-71 in Biology and Management of the Cervidae. Christen M. Wemmer, ed. Smithsonian Institution Press. Washington, D.C. 577 pp.

Miura, S. 1981. Social behavior of the axis deer during the dry season in Guindry sanctuary, Madras. Jnl. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 78: 125-38.

Moe, S.R and P. Wegge. 1994. Spacing behavior and habitat use of axis deer (Axis axis) in lowland Nepal. Can. Jnl. Zool.72: 1735-44.

Moe, S.R. 1993. Mineral content and wildlife use of soil licks in SW Nepal. Can. Jnl. Zool. 71(5): 933-36.

Naess, K.J. and H.J. Anderson. 1993. Assessing census techniques for wild ungulates in Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal. Msc thesis. Agricultural Univ. of Norway.

Nelle, S. 1992. Exotics: at home on the range in Texas. Rangelands 14: 77-80.

Nichols, L. 12/23/58. Report on "Section II- Lanai Segment". 16pp.

Nichols, L. 1960. Ecology of the axis deer. Job Completion Report. Project W-5-R-11. Hawaii Div. Fish & Game. Mimeo. 32 pp.

Nugent, G. and K.W. Fraser. 1993. Pests or valued resources? Conflicts in management of deer. New Zealand Jnl. Zool. 20: 361-66.

Pillai, R.S. 1966. Wildlife census with reference to chital (spotted deer). Bull. Indian Mus. 1(2): 55-58.

Pillai, R.S. ad B.H. Hingorani. 1964. A population survey of chital or spotted deer, Axis axis, and some other wild animals in Dehradun, Forest Division, Uttar Pradesh, India. Rec. Zool. Surv India 62(1-2): 227-38.

Prisyazhnyuk, V.E., D.S. Berestennikov and A.I. Kriulin. 1979. ….characteristics of axis deer of the Black Sea Reserve (sex differences, variability, acclimatization, Ukraine). Soviet J. Ecology 9(3): 243-47.

Rao, E.H. 1978. The chital or spotted deer. Hornbill Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 8: 11.

Rollins, D., F.C. Bryant, and R. Montandon. 1984. Fecal pH and defecation rates of eight ruminants fed known diets. J. Wildl. Mgmt. 48(3): 807-13.

Santiapillai, C. M.R. Chambers and E. Balasubramaniam. 1981. A preliminary study of bark damage by cervids in the Ruhuna National Park, Sri Lanka (Mammalia, Cervidae) mostly spotted deer (Axis axis). Spixiana 4(3): 247-54.

Schaller, G.B. 1967. The Deer and the Tiger: a Study of Wildlife in India. Univ. Chicago Press, Chicago, 370 pp.

Seial, W., E.K. Bharucha and W.A. Rodgers. 1989. The use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in identifying potential wildlife habitat. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Society 86: 125-128.

Seidensticker, J. 1976. Ungulate populations in Chitawan valley, Nepal. Biol. Conserv. 10: 183-210.

Sharatchandra, H.C. and M. Gadgil. 1980. On the time budget of different life history stages of Chital (Axis axis). Jnl. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 75 suppl.: 949-60.

Singh. 1958.

Srivastava. 1957.

Sushil, K., M.L. Thakur and S. Kumar. 1993. A note on Cheetal, Axis axis, damage to nursery stock at Satyanarayan forest nursery, Dehra Dun (U..P.). Indian Forester 119: 157-58.

Tak, P.C. and B.S. Lamba. 1984. Ecology and ethology of the spotted deer, Axis axis axis (Erxleben). Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper No. 43. 100 pp.

Titcomb, M. 1969. The axis deer: impending threat to the Big Island. Elepaio. 30: 21-25.

Tomich, P. Quentin. 1986. Mammals in Hawaii. Bishop Museum Press. Honolulu, HI. 375 p.

Walker, R.L. 1969. Staff report by State Division of Fish & Game on question should axis deer be introduced to the Island of Hawaii. Elepaio, 30: 31-36.

Staff Report by the Division of Fish & Game on the Question- Should Axis Deer be Introduced to the Island of Hawaii. 1/17/64. 6pp.

Waring, G. 1996. Preliminary study of the behavior and ecology of axis deer (Axis axis) on Maui, Hawaii. Research report to Haleakala National Park and the National Park Service.

Wehausen, J.D. and H.W. Elliott III. 1982. Range relationships and demography of fallow and axis deer on Point Reyes National Seashore. Calif. Fish & Game 68(3): 132-45.


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